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Role of lifestyle behaviours in the ethnic pattern of poor health outcomes in Leicester, England: analysis of a survey dataset

Chattopadhyay, Kaushik; Akagwire, Urban; Biswas, Mousumi; Moore, Rod; Rajania, Gurjeet; Lewis, Sarah

Authors

Urban Akagwire

Mousumi Biswas

Rod Moore

Gurjeet Rajania



Abstract

Objectives: Mediation analyses were conducted to explore the contribution of lifestyle behaviours in the ethnic pattern of poor health outcomes in Leicester, England.

Study design: Cross-sectional study

Methods: Health and Wellbeing Survey (2015). Lifestyle behaviours were physical activity, diet, smoking and alcohol drinking. Poor health outcomes were the presence of long-term illness and poor self-reported health.

Results: Poor health outcomes were less common in Black and Minority Ethnic groups (BMEs) than Whites. Smoking was less common in BMEs than Whites. Poor health outcomes were more common in ex-smokers and current smokers than never smokers. Health outcomes were associated with smoking even after adjusting for ethnicity. The association of ethnicity and health outcomes reduced after adjusting for smoking, suggesting that the effect was mediated by smoking.

Conclusions: In Leicester, Whites had poorer health outcomes than BMEs, which were not mediated by physical activity, diet and alcohol drinking but were mediated by smoking.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date May 1, 2019
Journal Public Health
Print ISSN 0033-3506
Electronic ISSN 1476-5616
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 170
Pages 122-128
APA6 Citation Chattopadhyay, K., Akagwire, U., Biswas, M., Moore, R., Rajania, G., & Lewis, S. (2019). Role of lifestyle behaviours in the ethnic pattern of poor health outcomes in Leicester, England: analysis of a survey dataset. Public Health, 170, 122-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.03.003
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.03.003
Keywords Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health; General Medicine
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0033350619300770
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Role of lifestyle behaviours in the ethnic pattern of poor health outcomes in Leicester, England: analysis of a survey data set; Journal Title: Public Health; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.03.003; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2019 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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