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Physical activity pre-and during pregnancy and gestational diabetes onset across multi-ethnic pregnant populations: a systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiological studies

Alaslani, Hadeel; Shaw, Ian; Adams, Gary

Authors

Hadeel Alaslani

IAN SHAW IAN.SHAW@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Professor of Health Policy



Abstract

Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common complication during pregnancy and is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and maternal and neonatal risks. Lifestyle intervention through physical activity is generally similar to dietary management in that it helps reduce weight and improve metabolism. However, it functions more on the preventive side of the spectrum in managing risk rather than actual treatment and management of the condition. This review aims to present an updated systematic review to determine the relationship between physical activity and onset of GDM across multi-ethnic pregnant populations.
Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiological studies was conducted. We identified papers published from 2010 onwards using CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, ASSIA, PsycInfo, PubMed and Web of Science databases. Studies were limited to English language only, pregnant populations by ethnicity and reported physical activity pre- and during pregnancy.
Results: Our research identified one pre-pregnancy and seven during-pregnancy studies. These studies were six prospective cohort studies, two case-control studies and one crosssectional study. Physical activity was assessed pre-pregnancy in four studies, giving a pooled odds ratio (OR) of 0.68 (95% CI 0.53, 0.86). Physical activity in early and midpregnancy was assessed in five studies, giving a pooled OR of 0.77 (95% CI 0.66, 0.90) and 0.70 (95% CI 0.35, 1.40), respectively.
Conclusion: Findings suggest that high total physical activity pre- and during pregnancy has a significant protective effect against GDM.

Citation

Alaslani, H., Shaw, I., & Adams, G. (2023). Physical activity pre-and during pregnancy and gestational diabetes onset across multi-ethnic pregnant populations: a systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiological studies. MOJ Public Health, 11(1), 28-32. https://doi.org/10.15406/mojph.2022.11.00370

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 12, 2021
Online Publication Date Mar 23, 2022
Publication Date Mar 15, 2023
Deposit Date Jan 27, 2023
Publicly Available Date Jan 30, 2023
Journal MOJ Public Health
Print ISSN 2379-6383
Electronic ISSN 2379-6383
Publisher MedCrave Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Issue 1
Pages 28-32
DOI https://doi.org/10.15406/mojph.2022.11.00370
Keywords GDM, physical activity, prevention, epidemiological studies, ethnicity
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/16504673
Publisher URL https://medcraveonline.com/MOJPH/physical-activity-pre--and-during-pregnancy-and-gestational-diabetes-onset-across-multi-ethnic-pregnant-populations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-epidemiological-studies.html

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