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A review of paratuberculosis in dairy herds — Part 2: On-farm control

McAloon, Conor G.; Roche, Steven; Ritter, Caroline; Barkema, Herman W.; Whyte, Paul; More, Simon J.; O’Grady, Luke; Green, Martin J.; Doherty, Michael L.

A review of paratuberculosis in dairy herds — Part 2: On-farm control Thumbnail


Conor G. McAloon

Steven Roche

Caroline Ritter

Herman W. Barkema

Paul Whyte

Simon J. More

Luke O’Grady

Professor of Cattle Health & Epidemiology

Michael L. Doherty


Bovine paratuberculosis is a chronic infectious disease of cattle, caused by Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP). This is the second in a two-part review of the epidemiology and control of paratuberculosis in dairy herds. Several negative production effects associated with MAP infection have been described, but perhaps the most significant concern in relation to the importance of paratuberculosis as a disease of dairy cattle is the potential link with Crohn’s disease in humans. Milk is considered a potential transmission route to humans and it is recognised that pasteurisation does not necessarily eliminate the bacterium. Therefore, control must also include reduction of the levels of MAP in bulk milk supplied from dairy farms. There is little field evidence in support of specific control measures, although several studies seem to show a decreased prevalence associated with the implementation of a combined management and test-and-cull programme. Improvements in vaccination efficacy and reduced tuberculosis (TB) test interference may increase uptake of vaccination as a control option. Farmer adoption of best practice recommendations at farm level for the control of endemic diseases can be challenging. Improved understanding of farmer behaviour and decision making will help in developing improved communication strategies which may be more efficacious in affecting behavioural change on farm.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 25, 2019
Online Publication Date Jan 30, 2019
Publication Date Apr 1, 2019
Deposit Date Mar 4, 2019
Publicly Available Date Mar 4, 2019
Journal Veterinary Journal
Print ISSN 1090-0233
Electronic ISSN 1532-2971
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 246
Pages 54-58
Keywords Control; Dairy; Johne’s disease; Motivation; Paratuberculosis
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: A review of paratuberculosis in dairy herds — Part 2: On-farm control; Journal Title: The Veterinary Journal; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version:; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.