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Association between prealbumin, all-cause mortality, and response to nutrition treatment in patients at nutrition risk. Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial

Bretscher, Céline; Buergin, Michelle; Gurzeler, Gianna; Kägi-Braun, Nina; Gressies, Carla; Tribolet, Pascal; Lobo, Dileep N.; Evans, David C.; Stanga, Zeno; Mueller, Beat; Schuetz, Philipp; for the EFFORT study team

Association between prealbumin, all-cause mortality, and response to nutrition treatment in patients at nutrition risk. Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial Thumbnail


Authors

Céline Bretscher

Michelle Buergin

Gianna Gurzeler

Nina Kägi-Braun

Carla Gressies

Pascal Tribolet

DILEEP LOBO dileep.lobo@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Gastrointestinal Surgery

David C. Evans

Zeno Stanga

Beat Mueller

Philipp Schuetz

for the EFFORT study team



Abstract

Background: Because of the shorter half-life as compared with albumin, serum prealbumin concentrations have been proposed to be useful nutrition biomarkers for the assessment of patients at nutrition risk. In a post hoc analysis of patients at nutrition risk from a randomized controlled nutrition trial, we tested the hypothesis that (1) prealbumin is associated with higher all-cause 180-day mortality rates and that (2) individualized nutrition support compared with usual-care nutrition more effectively improves survival at 30 days in patients with low prealbumin levels compared with patients with normal prealbumin levels. Methods: We performed a prespecified cohort study in patients included in the pragmatic, Swiss, multicenter randomized controlled EFFORT trial comparing the effects of individualized nutrition support with usual care. We studied low prealbumin concentrations (<0.17 g/L) in a subgroup of 517 patients from one participating center. Results: A total of 306 (59.2%) patients (mean age 71.9 years, 53.6% men) had low admission prealbumin levels (<0.17 g/L). There was a significant association between low prealbumin levels and mortality at 180 days (115/306 [37.6%] vs 47/211 [22.3%], fully adjusted hazard ratio [HR]=1.59, 95% CI 1.11–2.28; P = 0.011). Prealbumin levels significantly improved the prognostic value of the Nutritional Risk Screening total score regarding mortality prediction at short- and long-term. The difference in mortality between patients receiving individualized nutrition support and usual-care nutrition was similar for patients with low prealbumin levels compared with patients with normal prealbumin levels (HR=0.90 [95% CI=0.51–1.59] vs HR=0.88 [95% CI=0.35–2.23]) with no evidence for interaction (P = 0.823). Conclusion: Among medical inpatients at nutrition risk, low admission prealbumin levels correlated with different nutrition markers and higher mortality risk, but patients with low or high prealbumin levels had a similar benefit from nutrition support. Further studies should identify nutrition markers that help further personalize nutrition interventions.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 29, 2022
Online Publication Date Jan 1, 2023
Publication Date 2023-03
Deposit Date Jan 5, 2023
Publicly Available Date Jan 5, 2023
Journal Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Print ISSN 0148-6071
Electronic ISSN 1941-2444
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 47
Issue 3
Pages 408-419
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/jpen.2470
Keywords biomarker, visceral proteins, malnutrition, nutritional support, outcomes, prealbumin
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/15714723
Publisher URL https://aspenjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jpen.2470
Additional Information This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Bretscher, C., Buergin, M., Gurzeler, G., Kägi-Braun, N., Gressies, C., Tribolet, P., Lobo, D.N., Evans, D.C., Stanga, Z., Mueller, B., Schuetz, P. and (2023), The association between prealbumin, all-cause mortality and response to nutritional treatment in patients at nutritional risk. Secondary analysis of a randomized-controlled trial. J Parenter Enteral Nutr.. Accepted Author Manuscript, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/jpen.2470.

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