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Coordinate based meta-analysis of motor functional imaging in Parkinson's: disease-specific patterns and modulation by dopamine replacement and deep brain stimulation

Xing, Y.; Tench, C.; Wongwandee, M.; Schwarz, S.T.; Bajaj, N.; Auer, D.P.

Coordinate based meta-analysis of motor functional imaging in Parkinson's: disease-specific patterns and modulation by dopamine replacement and deep brain stimulation Thumbnail


Research Fellow

M. Wongwandee

S.T. Schwarz

N. Bajaj

Professor of Neuroimaging


To investigate factors affecting the pattern of motor brain activation reported in people with Parkinson’s (PwP), aiming to differentiate disease-specific features from treatment effects.

A co-ordinate-based-meta-analysis (CBMA) of functional motor neuroimaging studies involving patients with Parkinson’s (PwP), and healthy controls (HC) identified 126 suitable articles. The experiments were grouped based on subject feature, medication status (onMed/offMed), deep brain stimulation (DBS) status (DBSon/DBSoff) and type of motor initiation.

HC and PwP shared similar neural networks during upper extremity motor tasks but with differences of reported frequency in mainly bilateral putamen, insula and ipsilateral inferior parietal and precentral gyri. The activation height was significantly reduced in the bilateral putamen, left SMA, left subthalamus nucleus, right thalamus and right midial global pallidum in PwPoffMed (vs. HC), and pre-SMA hypoactivation correlated with disease severity. These changes were not found in patients on dopamine replacement therapy (PwPonMed vs. HC) in line with a restorative function. By contrast, left SMA and primary motor cortex showed hyperactivation in the medicated state (vs. HC) suggesting dopaminergic overcompensation. Deep-brain stimulation (PwP during the high frequency subthalamus nucleus (STN) DBS vs. no stimulation) induced a decrease in left SMA activity and the expected increase in the left subthalamic/thalamic region regardless of hand movement. We further demonstrated a disease related effect of motor intention with only PwPoffMed showing increased activation in the medial frontal lobe in self-initiated studies.

We describe a consistent disease-specific pattern of putaminal hypoactivation during motor tasks that appears reversed by dopamine replacement. Inconsistent reports of altered SMA/pre-SMA activation can be explained by task- and medication-specific variation in intention. Moreover, SMA activity was reduced during STN-DBS, while dopamine-induced hyperactivation of SMA which might underpin hyperdynamic L-dopa related overcompensation.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 7, 2019
Online Publication Date Feb 27, 2019
Publication Date 2020-08
Deposit Date Feb 20, 2019
Publicly Available Date Feb 28, 2020
Journal Brain Imaging and Behavior
Print ISSN 1931-7557
Electronic ISSN 1931-7565
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 14
Issue 4
Pages 1263–1280
Keywords Coordinate based meta-analysis; Dunctional imaging; Parkinson’s disease; Dopamine replacement; Deep brain stimulation; Compensatary
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information First Online: 27 February 2019; : ; : None.; : All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.; : Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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