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Dynamics of water evaporation from porous asphalt

Aboufoul, M.; Shokri, N.; Saleh, E.; Tuck, C.; Garcia, A.


M. Aboufoul

N. Shokri

E. Saleh

Professor of Materials Engineering

A. Garcia


The dynamics of water evaporation from porous asphalt mixture, with porosity ranging from 15% to 12 29%, have been investigated in this article. In order to test the same samples under different conditions, the pore structure of asphalt was quantified using X-ray Computed Tomography (CT) scans and 3D printed in transparent resin blocks. 3D printed transparent resin samples were tested under controlled laboratory conditions to understand the effect of pore space topology on the water retention and drying dynamics. The macroporosity, pore size distribution, air void tortuosity, water conductivity, and water retention curves of the 3D printed porous asphalt samples were quantified by means of image analysis. Moreover, a model was developed and tested experimentally to estimate the evaporation rates from porous asphalt materials under a wide range of porosities. Within the range of asphalt mixtures studied in the present work, the evaporation rate is related predominantly to the porosity, pore size distribution and tortuosity. It was found that the period over which water evaporation occurs at the surface is relatively short during drying of porous asphalt materials due to their relatively large pores weakening the capillary forces. This results in significantly shortening the so-called stage-1 evaporation (when the drying rate is controlled by liquid vaporisation at the surface) and early onset of the transition period (when both surface water evaporation and vapour diffusion inside porous asphalt play a comparable role in supplying the 26 evaporative demand). The transition period is followed by the stage-2 evaporation when the process is limited by the vapour diffusion inside the porous asphalt. Our results illustrate that the beginning of the stage-2 evaporation depends on the porosity and tortuosity of the porous asphalt material among other parameters. Our results and analysis provide new insights into the dynamics of water evaporation from asphalt materials.


Aboufoul, M., Shokri, N., Saleh, E., Tuck, C., & Garcia, A. (2019). Dynamics of water evaporation from porous asphalt. Construction and Building Materials, 202, 406-414.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 7, 2019
Online Publication Date Jan 15, 2019
Publication Date Mar 30, 2019
Deposit Date Jan 10, 2019
Publicly Available Date Jan 16, 2020
Journal Construction and Building Materials
Print ISSN 0950-0618
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 202
Pages 406-414
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Dynamics of water evaporation from porous asphalt; Journal Title: Construction and Building Materials; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version:; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


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