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The wide-field, multiplexed, spectroscopic facility WEAVE: Survey design, overview, and simulated implementation

Jin, Shoko; Trager, Scott C.; Dalton, Gavin B.; Aguerri, J. Alfonso L.; Drew, J. E.; Falcón-Barroso, Jesús; Gänsicke, Boris T.; Hill, Vanessa; Iovino, Angela; Pieri, Matthew M.; Poggianti, Bianca M.; Smith, D. J. B.; Vallenari, Antonella; Abrams, Don Carlos; Aguado, David S.; Antoja, Teresa; Aragón-Salamanca, Alfonso; Kuchner, Ulrike; Laigle, Clotilde; Lewis, Jim; Longhetti, Marcella; Lucatello, Sara; Méndez-Abreu, Jairo; Mercurio, Amata; Molaeinezhad, Alireza; Monguió, Maria; Morrison, Sean; Murphy, David N A; Peralta de Arriba, Luis; Pérez Ignasi Pérez-Ràfols, Isabel; Picó, Sergio; Raddi, Roberto; Romero-Gómez, Mercè; Royer, Frédéric; Siebert, Arnaud; Seabroke, George M; Som, Debopam; Terrett, David; Thomas, Guillaume; Wesson, Roger; Worley, C Clare; Alfaro, Emilio J; Allende Prieto, Carlos; Alonso-Santiago, Javier; Amos, Nicholas J; Ashley, Richard P; Balaguer-Nú nez, Lola; Balbinot, Eduardo; Bellazzini, Michele; Benn, Chris R; Berlanas, Sara R; Bernard, Edouard J; Best, Philip; Bet...

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Authors

Shoko Jin

Scott C. Trager

Gavin B. Dalton

J. Alfonso L. Aguerri

J. E. Drew

Jesús Falcón-Barroso

Boris T. Gänsicke

Vanessa Hill

Angela Iovino

Matthew M. Pieri

Bianca M. Poggianti

D. J. B. Smith

Antonella Vallenari

Don Carlos Abrams

David S. Aguado

Teresa Antoja

Clotilde Laigle

Jim Lewis

Marcella Longhetti

Sara Lucatello

Jairo Méndez-Abreu

Amata Mercurio

Alireza Molaeinezhad

Maria Monguió

Sean Morrison

David N A Murphy

Luis Peralta de Arriba

Isabel Pérez Ignasi Pérez-Ràfols

Sergio Picó

Roberto Raddi

Mercè Romero-Gómez

Frédéric Royer

Arnaud Siebert

George M Seabroke

Debopam Som

David Terrett

Guillaume Thomas

Roger Wesson

C Clare Worley

Emilio J Alfaro

Carlos Allende Prieto

Javier Alonso-Santiago

Nicholas J Amos

Richard P Ashley

Lola Balaguer-Nú nez

Eduardo Balbinot

Michele Bellazzini

Chris R Benn

Sara R Berlanas

Edouard J Bernard

Philip Best

Daniela Bettoni

Andrea Bianco

Georgia Bishop

Michael Blomqvist

Corrado Boeche

Micol Bolzonella

Silvia Bonoli

Albert Bosma

Nikolay Britavskiy

Gianni Busarello

Elisabetta Caffau

Tristan Cantat-Gaudin

Alfred Castro-Ginard

Guilherme Couto

Juan Carbajo-Hijarrubia

David Carter

Laia Casamiquela

Ana M Conrado

Pablo Corcho-Caballero

Luca Costantin

Alis Deason

Abel de Burgos

Sabrina De Grandi

Paola Di Matteo

Jesús Domínguez-Gómez

Ricardo Dorda

Alyssa Drake

Rajeshwari Dutta

Denis Erkal

Sofia Feltzing

Anna Ferré-Mateu

Diane Feuillet

Francesca Figueras

Matteo Fossati

Elena Franciosini

Antonio Frasca

Michele Fumagalli

Anna Gallazzi

Rubén García-Benito

Nicola Gentile Fusillo

Marwan Gebran

James Gilbert

T M Gledhill

Rosa M González Delgado

Robert Greimel

Mario Giuseppe Guarcello

Jose Guerra Marco Gullieuszik

Christopher P Haines

Martin J Hardcastle

Amy Harris

Misha Haywood

Amina Helmi

Nauzet Hernandez

Artemio Herrero

Sarah Hughes

Vid Irsic

Pascale Jablonka

Matt J Jarvis

Carme Jordi

Rohit Kondapally

Georges Kordopatis

Jens-Kristian Krogager

Francesco La Barbera

Man I Lam

Søren S Larsen

Bertrand Lemasle

Ian J Lewis

Emilie Lhomé

Karin Lind

Marcello Lodi

Alessia Longobardi

Ilaria Lonoce

Laura Magrini

Jesús Maíz Apellániz

Olivier Marchal

Amparo Marco

Nicolas F Martin

Tadafumi Matsuno

Sophie Maurogordato

Paola Merluzzi

Jordi Miralda-Escudé

Emilio Molinari

Giacomo Monari

Lorenzo Morelli

Christopher J Mottram

Tim Naylor

Ignacio Negueruela

Jose Onorbe

Elena Pancino

Sébastien Peirani

Reynier F Peletier

Lucia Pozzetti

Monica Rainer

Pau Ramos

Shaun C Read

Elena Maria Rossi

Huub J A Röttgering

Jose Alberto Rubi no-Martín

Jose Sabater Montes

José San Juan

Nicoletta Sanna

Ellen Schallig

Ricardo P Schiavon

Mathias Schultheis

Paolo Serra

Timothy W Shimwell

Sergio Simón-Díaz

Russell J Smith

Rosanna Sordo

Daniele Sorini

Caroline Soubiran

Else Starkenburg

Iain A Steele

John Stott

Remko Stuik

Eline Tolstoy

Crescenzo Tortora

Maria Tsantaki

Mathieu Van der Swaelmen

Reinout J van Weeren

Daniela Vergani

Marc A W Verheijen

Kristiina Verro

Jorick S Vink

Miguel Vioque

C Jakob Walcher

Nicholas A Walton

Christopher Wegg

Anne-Marie Weijmans

Wendy L Williams

Andrew J Wilson

Nicholas J Wright

Theodora Xylakis-Dornbusch

Kris Youakim

Stefano Zibetti

Cristina Zurita



Abstract

WEAVE, the new wide-field, massively multiplexed spectroscopic survey facility for the William Herschel Telescope, saw first light in late 2022. WEAVE comprises a new 2-deg field-of-view prime-focus corrector system, a nearly 1000-multiplex fibre positioner, 20 individually deployable ‘mini’ integral field units (IFUs), and a single large IFU. These fibre systems feed a dual-beam spectrograph covering the wavelength range 366–959 nm at R ∼ 5000, or two shorter ranges at R ∼ 20 000. After summarizing the design and implementation of WEAVE and its data systems, we present the organization, science drivers, and design of a five- to seven-year programme of eight individual surveys to: (i) study our Galaxy’s origins by completing Gaia’s phase-space information, providing metallicities to its limiting magnitude for ∼3 million stars and detailed abundances for ∼1.5 million brighter field and open-cluster stars; (ii) survey ∼0.4 million Galactic-plane OBA stars, young stellar objects, and nearby gas to understand the evolution of young stars and their environments; (iii) perform an extensive spectral survey of white dwarfs; (iv) survey ∼400 neutral-hydrogen-selected galaxies with the IFUs; (v) study properties and kinematics of stellar populations and ionized gas in z < 0.5 cluster galaxies; (vi) survey stellar populations and kinematics in ∼25 000 field galaxies at 0.3 ≲ z ≲ 0.7; (vii) study the cosmic evolution of accretion and star formation using >1 million spectra of LOFAR-selected radio sources; and (viii) trace structures using intergalactic/circumgalactic gas at z > 2. Finally, we describe the WEAVE Operational Rehearsals using the WEAVE Simulator.

Citation

Jin, S., Trager, S. C., Dalton, G. B., Aguerri, J. A. L., Drew, J. E., Falcón-Barroso, J., …Zurita, C. (2024). The wide-field, multiplexed, spectroscopic facility WEAVE: Survey design, overview, and simulated implementation. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 530(3), 2688-2730. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stad557

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 4, 2022
Online Publication Date Mar 11, 2023
Publication Date 2024-05
Deposit Date Dec 9, 2022
Publicly Available Date Dec 9, 2022
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 530
Issue 3
Pages 2688-2730
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stad557
Keywords surveys – instrumentation: spectrographs – Galaxy: general – stars: general – galaxies: general – cosmology: observations
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/14601371
Publisher URL https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article/530/3/2688/7076341

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