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Hypoglycaemic unawareness: A systematic review of qualitative studies of significant others' (SO) supportive interventions for patients with diabetes mellitus

Hartill, E.; Gillis, R.B.; Imran Jiwani, S.; Recchia, N.; Meal, A.; Adams, G.G.

Hypoglycaemic unawareness: A systematic review of qualitative studies of significant others' (SO) supportive interventions for patients with diabetes mellitus Thumbnail


Authors

E. Hartill

R.B. Gillis

S. Imran Jiwani

N. Recchia

ANDY MEAL andy.meal@nottingham.ac.uk
Assistant Professor



Abstract

Background

Hypoglycemia unawareness (HU) has been attributed to both a downward shift in central nervous system (CNS)-triggered sympatho-adrenal responses to low glycaemic thresholds and a subsequent loss of adrenergic symptoms, which, in addition, to cerebral cortex adaptations permit normal function under hypoglycaemic conditions. Both of these mechanisms are brought about by recurring hypoglycemic events (hypoglycemia-associate autonomic failure, HAAF). This can contribute to repetitive cycles of increasingly severe hypoglycaemia, the consequences of which have considerable impact on relatives and significant others (SO) when providing care to patients with diabetes.

Methods

A Systematic Review (SR) of 639 qualitative studies was carried out in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review (PRISMA) principles. The search strategy was developed using MeSH terms for a range of electronic databases: CINAHL, Pubmed, EMBASE, Medline, AMED and ASSIA were systematically searched in order to identify a variety of literature relevant to the review topic. Four duplicate studies were removed and a further 630 studies were excluded due to being irrelevant. Five qualitative studies were retained and analysed.

Results

The three resultant findings from the literature appraised were i) Experiences and views of Significant Others' (SO) with adult relatives that have HU ii) Support needs of SO and iii) Health professionals interventions to address SO support needs and improve overall HU care. A clear finding was that SO experience difficulties managing HU and this can impact on the relationships that SO and HU patients have. Support needs of SO highlighted were both educational and psychological in nature, with there being a requirement for additional raised awareness within the wider community.

Conclusion

It is essential that healthcare professionals offer support, such as teaching and support groups. In addition, providing interventions into improving family knowledge of diabetes and support with regard to psychosocial, behavioural and practical support for the person with diabetes. Moreover, improving resources for families to improve diabetes care. However, as the literature was of a qualitative nature, future recommendations would be quantitative research into these suggested nursing implementations to quantitatively assess their usefulness in practice.

Citation

Hartill, E., Gillis, R., Imran Jiwani, S., Recchia, N., Meal, A., & Adams, G. (2018). Hypoglycaemic unawareness: A systematic review of qualitative studies of significant others' (SO) supportive interventions for patients with diabetes mellitus. Heliyon, 4(10), Article e00887. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2018.e00887

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 23, 2018
Online Publication Date Nov 2, 2018
Publication Date 2018-10
Deposit Date Jan 9, 2019
Publicly Available Date Jan 9, 2019
Journal Heliyon
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 4
Issue 10
Article Number e00887
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2018.e00887
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1458339
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405844018318413
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Hypoglycaemic unawareness: A systematic review of qualitative studies of significant others' (SO) supportive interventions for patients with diabetes mellitus; Journal Title: Heliyon; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2018.e00887; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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