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Development and evaluation of online menopause awareness training for line managers in UK organizations

Hardy, Claire; Griffiths, Amanda; Hunter, Myra S.


Claire Hardy

Amanda Griffiths

Myra S. Hunter



To develop and evaluate a 30-min online training for managers, in order to improve menopause-related knowledge, attitudes and confidence in having supportive discussions with women experiencing menopausal symptoms at work. The study also explored intentions and behaviour in terms of having conversations.

Study design

A prospective, pre-post design involved collecting data at three time points: pre-training, immediately after training, and four weeks post-training. Three UK organizations (one public, two private sector) participated. On-line questionnaires collected sociodemographic and background data. Qualitative and quantitative evaluation data were collected in post-intervention questionnaires. Paired t-tests and McNemar tests examined statistical differences pre- and post-training; thematic content analysis was performed on qualitative data.

Main outcome measures

Menopause knowledge, attitudes and confidence in talking about the menopause at work, intentions, and actual behaviour.


270 staff were invited and 98 consented to participate; 62 and 61 provided data immediately and 4 weeks post training, respectively. Compared to pre-training scores, statistically significant improvements were found in menopause-related knowledge, attitude (not viewing the menopause as an embarrassing topic to talk about at work), confidence in talking about the menopause with staff, and intentions to discuss menopause, at both follow-up assessments. Over 90% of respondents reported that they found the training useful and would recommend it to others.


A brief menopause awareness training may be a feasible and effective way to help managers become more knowledgeable about menopause-related problems and more confident in discussing and exploring solutions with their staff.


Hardy, C., Griffiths, A., & Hunter, M. S. (2019). Development and evaluation of online menopause awareness training for line managers in UK organizations. Maturitas, 120, 83-89.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 2, 2018
Online Publication Date Dec 4, 2018
Publication Date 2019-02
Deposit Date Jan 3, 2019
Publicly Available Date Dec 5, 2019
Journal Maturitas
Print ISSN 0378-5122
Electronic ISSN 1873-4111
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 120
Pages 83-89
Keywords Obstetrics and Gynaecology; General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Development and evaluation of online menopause awareness training for line managers in UK organizations; Journal Title: Maturitas; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version:; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


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