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sPlot : a new tool for global vegetation analyses

Bruelheide, Helge; Dengler, Jürgen; Jiménez-Alfaro, Borja; Purschke, Oliver; Hennekens, Stephan M.; Chytrý, Milan; Pillar, Valério D.; Jansen, Florian; Kattge, Jens; Sandel, Brody; Aubin, Isabelle; Biurrun, Idoia; Field, Richard; Haider, Sylvia; Jandt, Ute; Lenoir, Jonathan; Peet, Robert K.; Peyre, Gwendolyn; Sabatini, Francesco Maria; Schmidt, Marco; Schrodt, Franziska; Winter, Marten; and other 116 authors

Authors

Helge Bruelheide

Jürgen Dengler

Borja Jiménez-Alfaro

Oliver Purschke

Stephan M. Hennekens

Milan Chytrý

Valério D. Pillar

Florian Jansen

Jens Kattge

Brody Sandel

Isabelle Aubin

Idoia Biurrun

Sylvia Haider

Ute Jandt

Jonathan Lenoir

Robert K. Peet

Gwendolyn Peyre

Francesco Maria Sabatini

Marco Schmidt

Marten Winter

and other 116 authors



Abstract

Questions: Vegetation-plot records provide information on presence and cover or abundance of plants co-occurring in the same community. Vegetation-plot data are spread across research groups, environmental agencies and biodiversity research centers, and thus, are rarely accessible at continental or global scales. Here we present the sPlot database, which collates vegetation plots worldwide to allow for the exploration of global patterns in taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic diversity at the plant community level.
Location: sPlot version 2.1 contains records from 1,121,244 vegetation plots, which comprise 23,586,216 records of plant species and their relative cover or abundance in plots collected between 1885 and 2015.
Methods: We complemented the information for each plot by retrieving environmental conditions (i.e. climate and soil) and the biogeographic context (i.e. biomes) from external sources, and by calculating community-weighted means and variances of traits using gap-filled data from the global plant trait database TRY. Moreover, we created a phylogenetic tree for 50,167 out of the 54,519 species identified in the plots.
Results: We present the first maps of global patterns of community richness and community-weighted means of key traits.
Conclusions: The availability of vegetation plot data in sPlot offers new avenues for vegetation analysis at the global scale.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2019-03
Journal Journal of Vegetation Science
Print ISSN 1100-9233
Electronic ISSN 1654-1103
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 30
Issue 2
Pages 161-186
APA6 Citation Bruelheide, H., Dengler, J., Jiménez-Alfaro, B., Purschke, O., Hennekens, S. M., Chytrý, M., …and other 116 authors, . (2019). sPlot : a new tool for global vegetation analyses. Journal of Vegetation Science, 30(2), 161-186. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.12710
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.12710
Keywords Plant Science; Ecology
Publisher URL https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jvs.12710?af=R&
Additional Information This is the peer reviewed version of the article, which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.w...0.1111/jvs.12710?af=R&.
This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.

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