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The influence of magnetic vortices motion on the inverse ac Josephson effect in asymmetric arrays

Chesca, Boris; Gaifullin, Marat; John, Daniel; Cox, Jonathan; Savel'ev, Sergey; Mellor, Christopher


Boris Chesca

Marat Gaifullin

Daniel John

Jonathan Cox

Sergey Savel'ev


We report on the influence a preferential magnetic vortices motion has on the magnitude of the inverse ac Josephson effect (the appearance of dc current Shapiro steps) and the coherent operation of asymmetrical parallel arrays of YBa2Cu3O7−δ Josephson junctions (JJ) irradiated with microwave (MW) radiation in the presence of an applied magnetic field B. The preferential direction of motion of the Josephson vortices is due to the asymmetry-induced ratchet effect and has a dramatic impact: for a particular positive dc bias current I when the flux-flow is robust multiple pronounced Shapiro-steps are observed consistent with a coherent operation of the array. This suggests an efficient emission/detection of MW in related applications. In contrast, when we reverse the direction of I, the flux-flow is reduced and the Shapiro steps are strongly suppressed due to a highly incoherent operation that suggests an inefficient emission/detection of MW. Remarkably, by changing B slightly, the situation is reversed: Shapiro steps are now suppressed for a positive I while well pronounced for a reverse current − I. Our results suggest that a preferential vortex-flow has a very significant impact on the coherent MW operation of superconducting devices consisting of either multiple JJs or an asymmetrically biased single long JJ. This is particularly relevant in the case of flux-flow oscillators for sub-terahertz integrated-receivers, flux-driven Josephson (travelling-wave) parametric amplifiers, or on-chip superconducting MW generators, which usually operate at bias currents in the Shapiro step region.


Chesca, B., Gaifullin, M., John, D., Cox, J., Savel'ev, S., & Mellor, C. (2022). The influence of magnetic vortices motion on the inverse ac Josephson effect in asymmetric arrays. Applied Physics Letters, 121(16), Article 162601.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 30, 2022
Online Publication Date Oct 20, 2022
Publication Date Oct 17, 2022
Deposit Date Oct 24, 2022
Publicly Available Date Oct 24, 2022
Journal Applied Physics Letters
Print ISSN 0003-6951
Electronic ISSN 1077-3118
Publisher American Institute of Physics
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 121
Issue 16
Article Number 162601
Keywords Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Boris Chesca, Marat Gaifullin, Daniel John, Jonathan Cox, Sergey Savel'ev, and Christopher Mellor, "The influence of magnetic vortices motion on the inverse ac Josephson effect in asymmetric arrays", Appl. Phys. Lett. 121, 162601 (2022); licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.


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