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Epilepsy and associated mortality in patients with multiple sclerosis

Chou, I. J.; Kuo, C. F.; Tanasescu, R.; Tench, C. R.; Tiley, C. G.; Constantinescu, C. S.; Whitehouse, W. P.

Authors

I. J. Chou

C. F. Kuo

R. Tanasescu

C. G. Tiley



Abstract

Background and purpose: We aimed to determine the prevalence of epilepsy in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) at diagnosis, the risk of developing epilepsy after the diagnosis of MS and the relative risk of mortality associated with epilepsy.
Methods: We used the UK Clinical Practice Research Data‐link to identify 2526 patients with incident MS and 9980 age‐, sex‐ and index year‐matched non‐MS controls from 1997 to 2006. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios [95% confidence interval (CI)] for epilepsy and Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) (95% CI) for epilepsy and mortality.
Results: Patients with incident MS were on average 45 years old and 70.9% were female. At diagnosis, the prevalence of epilepsy in patients with MS was 1.30% compared with 0.57% in non‐MS controls. At diagnosis, MS was associated with an adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) of 2.11 (1.36–3.27) for pre‐existing epilepsy. Among epilepsy‐free patients, the cumulative probabilities of developing epilepsy, first recorded within 10 years of the index date, were 2.77% for patients with MS and 0.90% for controls. MS was associated with an adjusted HR (95% CI) of 6.01 (2.94–12.29) for epilepsy. Among patients with MS, epilepsy was associated with an HR (95% CI) of 2.23 (1.02–4.84) for all‐cause mortality.
Conclusions: This population‐based study found an increased prevalence of epilepsy in patients with MS at diagnosis when compared with non‐MS controls and the risk of developing epilepsy was also higher following the MS diagnosis. Patients with MS with epilepsy had a higher risk of mortality compared with those without.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Oct 30, 2018
Journal European Journal of Neurology
Print ISSN 1351-5101
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
APA6 Citation Chou, I. J., Kuo, C. F., Tanasescu, R., Tench, C. R., Tiley, C. G., Constantinescu, C. S., & Whitehouse, W. P. (2018). Epilepsy and associated mortality in patients with multiple sclerosis. European Journal of Neurology, doi:10.1111/ene.13821
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/ene.13821
Keywords Neurology; Clinical Neurology
Publisher URL https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/ene.13821
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