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Role of the multidrug resistance efflux pump MexCD-OprJ in the Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing response

Alcalde-Rico, Manuel; Olivares Pacheco, Jorge A.; Alvarez-Ortega, Carolina; Camara, Miguel; Martinez, Jose L.

Authors

Manuel Alcalde-Rico

Jorge A. Olivares Pacheco

Carolina Alvarez-Ortega

Jose L. Martinez



Abstract

Multidrug efflux pumps constitute a category of antibiotic resistance determinants that are a part of the core bacterial genomes. Given their conservation, it is conceivable that they present functions beyond the extrusion of antibiotics currently used for therapy. P. aeruginosa stands as a relevant respiratory pathogen, with a high prevalence at hospitals and in cystic fibrosis patients. Part of its success relies on its low susceptibility to antibiotics and on the production of virulence factors, whose expression is regulated is several cases by quorum sensing (QS). We found that overexpression of the MexCD-OprJ multidrug efflux pump shuts down the P. aeruginosa QS response. Our results support that MexCD-OprJ extrudes kynurenine, a precursor of the alkyl-quinolone signal (AQS) molecules. Anthranilate and octanoate, also AQSs precursors, do not seem to be extruded by MexCD-OprJ. Kynurenine extrussion is not sufficient to reduce the QS response in a mutant overexpressing this efflux pump. Impaired QS response is mainly due to the extrusion of 4-hydroxy-2-heptylquinoline (HHQ), the precursor of the Pseudomonas Quinolone Signal (PQS), leading to low PQS intracellular levels and reduced production of QS signal molecules. As the consequence, the expression of QS-regulated genes is impaired and the production of QS-regulated virulence factors strongly decreases in a MexCD-OprJ P. aeruginosa overexpressing mutant. Previous work showed that MexEF-OprJ, another P. aeruginosa efflux pump, is also able of extruding kynurenine and HHQ. However, opposite to our findings, the QS defect in a MexEF-OprN overproducer is due to kynurenine extrusion. These results indicate that although efflux pumps can share some substrates, the affinity for each of them can be different. Although the QS response is triggered by population density, information on additional elements able of modulating such response is still scarce. This is particularly important in the case of P. aeruginosa lung chronic infections, a situation in which QS-defective mutants are accumulated. If MexCD-OprJ overexpression alleviates the cost associated to triggering the QS response when un-needed, it could be possible that MexCD-OprJ antibiotic resistant overproducer strains might be selected even in the absence of antibiotic selective pressure, acting as antibiotic resistant cheaters in heterogeneous P. aeruginosa populations.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Nov 23, 2018
Electronic ISSN 1664-302X
Publisher Frontiers Media
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 9
Article Number 2752
APA6 Citation Alcalde-Rico, M., Olivares Pacheco, J. A., Alvarez-Ortega, C., Camara, M., & Martinez, J. L. (2018). Role of the multidrug resistance efflux pump MexCD-OprJ in the Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing response. Frontiers in Microbiology, 9, https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2018.02752
DOI https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2018.02752
Keywords Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Quorum Sensing, antibiotic resistance, Multidrug efflux pump, MexCD-oprJ
Publisher URL https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2018.02752/abstract

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