Laurie Hare Duke
Conceptual framework for social connectedness in mental disorders: systematic review and narrative synthesis
Hare Duke, Laurie; Dening, Tom; de Oliveira, Deborah; Milner, Katja; Slade, Mike
TOM DENING Tom.Dening@nottingham.ac.uk
Clinical Professor in Dementia Research
Deborah de Oliveira
Katja Milner Katja.Milner@nottingham.ac.uk
MIKE SLADE M.SLADE@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Professor in Mental Health Recovery and Social Inclusion
Background: Adults with mental disorders are at high risk of loneliness. Loneliness has been implicated in a wide variety of physical and mental health problems. Social connectedness interventions are one means to tackle loneliness but have shown mixed effectiveness. This study aims to: (1) identify existing measures of social connectedness and (2) develop a conceptual framework of social connectedness to inform future measurement and the development of new interventions.
Methods: A systematic review of studies from six bibliographic databases was conducted. Studies were included if a quantitative measure of social connectedness was used amongst samples of adults with a mental disorder. Two analyses were conducted: a best evidence synthesis of measurement properties for identified measures and a narrative synthesis of items from these measures.
Results: Twenty-eight papers were included, employing 22 different measures. Measurement properties were of poor or unknown quality. Data synthesis identified a five-dimension conceptual framework of social connectedness: Closeness, Identity and common bond, Valued relationships, Involvement and Cared for and accepted (giving the acronym CIVIC).
Limitations: The majority of studies were conducted in high-income countries. It was not possible to validate the conceptual framework using the identified psychometric data.
Conclusions: This new five-dimension framework of social connectedness in mental disorders provides the theoretical foundation for developing new measures and interventions for social connectedness.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Feb 15, 2019|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Hare Duke, L., Dening, T., de Oliveira, D., Milner, K., & Slade, M. (2019). Conceptual framework for social connectedness in mental disorders: systematic review and narrative synthesis. Journal of Affective Disorders, 245, 188-199. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2018.10.359|
JAD CIVIC Framework AFD