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Coercive trade policy

Anesi, Vincent; Facchini, Giovanni


Vincent Anesi


Coercion is used by one government (the sender") to influence the trade practices of another (the target"). We build a two-country trade model in which coercion can be exercised unilaterally or channeled through a “weak" international organization without enforcement powers. We show that unilateral coercion may be ineffective, because signaling incentives lead the sender to demand a concession so substantial to make it unacceptable to the target. If the sender can instead commit to the international organization's dispute settlement mechanism, then compliance is more likely, because the latter places a cap on the sender's incentives to signal its resolve.


Anesi, V., & Facchini, G. (2019). Coercive trade policy. American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, 11(3), 225-256.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 21, 2018
Online Publication Date Aug 1, 2019
Publication Date Aug 1, 2019
Deposit Date Oct 3, 2018
Publicly Available Date Oct 3, 2018
Journal American Economic Journal: Microeconomics
Print ISSN 1945-7669
Electronic ISSN 1945-7685
Publisher American Economic Association
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Issue 3
Pages 225-256
Keywords GATT; WTO; Dispute Settlement; Political Economy
Public URL
Publisher URL


Coercive trade policy - online appendix: reasonable beliefs and mixed strategy equilibria (283 Kb)

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