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Spatial frames of reference for literature using geospatial technologies

Priestnall, Gary



D. Cooper

C. McDonald

P. Murrieta-Flores


This book chapter focuses on the use of three-dimensional representations of landscape, where digital terrain data is used as a backdrop to place cultural heritage information including passages from works of literature, diaries, and sketches, into a broader landscape context. Three case studies, which offer examples of different presentation techniques, one based on a computer monitor, one on a physical landscape model, and one on a mobile device, are described. The studies engage with the same geographic area, upland Cumbria in North West England, where surface relief is a dominant feature of the landscape. Each case study, however, uses different technologies appropriate to the contexts of display and a set of stated aims. The chapter summarises the affordances of each technique, presents observations from their use, and discusses some of the opportunities and design challenges that apply when utilising geospatial technology and digital landscape models for communicating spatial context.


Priestnall, G. (2016). Spatial frames of reference for literature using geospatial technologies. In C. McDonald, D. Cooper, & P. Murrieta-Flores (Eds.), Literary mapping in the digital ageTaylor & Francis (Routledge). doi:10.4324/9781315592596

Publication Date May 20, 2016
Deposit Date Aug 7, 2015
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Book Title Literary mapping in the digital age
Chapter Number 12
Keywords Spatial frame of reference, virtual globe, physical landscape model, locative media, geographic visualization.
Public URL
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: