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DEF6, a novel substrate for the tec kinase ITK, contains a glutamine-rich aggregation-prone region and forms cytoplasmic granules that co-localize with P-bodies

Hey, Fiona; Czyzewicz, Nathan; Jones, Peter; Sablitzky, Fred

Authors

Fiona Hey

Nathan Czyzewicz

Peter Jones

Fred Sablitzky



Abstract

Localization of DEF6 (SLAT/IBP), a Rho-family guanine nucleotide exchange factor, to the center of the immune synapse is dependent upon ITK, a Tec-family kinase that regulates the spatiotemporal organization of components of T cell signaling pathways and Cdc42-dependent actin polymerization. Here we demonstrate that ITK both interacts with DEF6 and phosphorylates DEF6 at tyrosine residues Tyr210 and Tyr222. Expression of a GFP-tagged Y210E-Y222E phosphomimic resulted in the formation of DEF6 cytoplasmic granules that co-localized with decapping enzyme 1 (DCP1), a marker of P-bodies; sites of mRNA degradation. Similarly treatment of cells with puromycin or sodium arsenite, reagents that arrest translation, also resulted in the accumulation of DEF6 in cytoplasmic granules. Bioinformatics analysis identified a glutamine-rich, heptad-repeat region; a feature of aggregating proteins, within the C-terminal region of DEF6 with the potential to promote granule formation through a phosphorylation-dependent unmasking of this region. These data suggest that in addition to its role as a GEF, DEF6 may also function in regulating mRNA translation.

Citation

Hey, F., Czyzewicz, N., Jones, P., & Sablitzky, F. DEF6, a novel substrate for the tec kinase ITK, contains a glutamine-rich aggregation-prone region and forms cytoplasmic granules that co-localize with P-bodies. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 287(37), doi:10.1074/jbc.M112.346767

Journal Article Type Article
Deposit Date Apr 8, 2014
Journal Journal of Biological Chemistry
Electronic ISSN 0021-9258
Publisher American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 287
Issue 37
DOI https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M112.346767
Keywords Cell Biology Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factor (GEF) P-body Signal Transduction T-cell Receptor
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/2918
Publisher URL http://www.jbc.org/content/287/37/31073.long
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0



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