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Effects of radio-frequency fields on bacterial cell membranes and nematode temperature-sensitive mutants

Gul Guven, Reyhan; Guven, Kemal; Dawe, Adam; Worthington, John; Harvell, Christopher; Popple, Amy; Smith, Tim; Smith, Brette; de Pomerai, David I.

Authors

Reyhan Gul Guven

Kemal Guven kemalg@dicle.edu.tr

Adam Dawe dawe.adam@gmail.com

John Worthington

Christopher Harvell

Amy Popple

Tim Smith tim.smith@nottingham.ac.uk

Brette Smith

David I. de Pomerai david.depomerai@nottingham.ac.uk



Abstract

Membrane-related bioeffects have been reported in response to both radio-frequency (RF) and extremely low-frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields (EMFs), particularly in neural cells. We have tested whether RF fields might cause inner membrane leakage in ML35 E. coli cells, which express β-galactosidase (lacZ) constitutively, but lack the lacY permease required for substrate entry. The activity of lacZ (indicating substrate leakage through the inner cell membrane) was increased only slightly by RF exposure (1 GHz, 0.5 W) over 45 min. Since lacZ activity showed no further increase with a longer exposure time of 90 min, this suggests that membrane permeability per se is not significantly affected by RF fields, and that slight heating (≤ 0.1°C) could account for this small difference. Temperature-sensitive (ts) mutants of the nematode, Caenorhabditis elegans, are wild-type at 15°C but develop the mutant phenotype at 25°C; an intermediate temperature of 21°C results in a reproducible mixture of both phenotypes. For two ts mutants affecting transmembrane receptors (TRA-2 and GLP-1), RF exposure for 24 h during the thermocritical phase strongly shifts the phenotype mix at 21°C towards the mutant end of the spectrum. For ts mutants affecting nuclear proteins, such phenotype shifts appear smaller (PHA-1) or non-significant (LIN-39), apparently confirming suggestions that RF power is dissipated mainly in the plasma membrane of cells. However, these phenotype shifts are no longer seen when microwave treatment is applied at 21°C in a modified exposure apparatus that minimises the temperature difference between sham and exposed conditions. Like other biological effects attributed to microwaves in the C. elegans system, phenotype shifts in ts mutants appear to be an artefact caused by very slight heating.

Citation

Gul Guven, R., Guven, K., Dawe, A., Worthington, J., Harvell, C., Popple, A., …de Pomerai, D. I. (2006). Effects of radio-frequency fields on bacterial cell membranes and nematode temperature-sensitive mutants. Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 39(4), doi:10.1016/j.enzmictec.2005.12.017

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2006
Deposit Date May 10, 2013
Publicly Available Date May 10, 2013
Journal Enzyme and Microbial Technology
Print ISSN 0141-0229
Electronic ISSN 0141-0229
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 39
Issue 4
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enzmictec.2005.12.017
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/1977
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0141022905005545
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Enzyme and Microbial Technology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 39(4), (2006), doi: 10.1016/j.enzmictec.2005.12.017

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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