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Discrete breathers in a two-dimensional Fermi-Pasta-Ulam lattice

Butt, Imran A.; Wattis, Jonathan A.D.


Imran A. Butt


Using asymptotic methods, we investigate whether discrete
breathers are supported by a two-dimensional Fermi-Pasta-Ulam lattice. A scalar (one-component) two-dimensional
Fermi-Pasta-Ulam lattice is shown to model the charge stored
within an electrical transmission lattice. A third-order multiple-scale analysis in the semi-discrete limit fails, since at this order, the lattice equations reduce to the (2+1)-dimensional cubic nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) equation which does not support stable soliton solutions for the breather envelope. We therefore extend
the analysis to higher order and find a generalised
$(2+1)$-dimensional NLS equation which incorporates higher order dispersive and nonlinear terms as perturbations. We find an ellipticity criterion for the wave numbers of the carrier wave. Numerical simulations suggest that both stationary and moving breathers are supported by the system. Calculations of the energy show the expected threshold behaviour whereby the energy of breathers does {\em not} go to zero with the amplitude; we find
that the energy threshold is maximised by stationary breathers, and becomes arbitrarily small as the boundary of the domain of ellipticity is approached.


Butt, I. A., & Wattis, J. A. Discrete breathers in a two-dimensional Fermi-Pasta-Ulam lattice. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, 39,

Journal Article Type Article
Deposit Date Aug 14, 2008
Journal Journal of Physics. A, Mathematical and General
Electronic ISSN 0305-4470
Publisher IOP Publishing
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 39
Public URL


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