This paper describes a novel modelling process for creep crack growth prediction of a 316 stainless steel using continuum damage mechanics, in conjunction with finite element (FE) analysis. A damage material behaviour model, proposed by Liu and Murakami , was used which is believed to have advantages in modelling components with cracks. The methods used to obtain the material properties in the multiaxial form of the creep damage and creep strain equations are described, based on uniaxial creep and creep crack growth test data obtained at 600 °C. Most of the material constants were obtained from uniaxial creep test data. However, a novel procedure was developed to determine the tri-axial stress state parameter in the damage model by use of creep crack growth data obtained from testing of compact tension (CT) specimens. The full set of material properties derived were then used to model the creep crack growth for a set of thumbnail crack specimen creep tests which were also tested at 600 °C. Excellent predictions have been achieved when comparing the predicted surface profiles to those obtained from experiments. The results obtained clearly show the validity and capability of the continuum damage modelling approach, which has been established, in modelling the creep crack growth for components with complex initial crack shapes.
Hyde, C. J., Hyde, T., Sun, W., & Becker, A. (2010). Damage mechanics based predictions of creep crack growth in 316 stainless steel. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 77(12), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engfracmech.2010.06.011