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Drug utilisation in neonatal units in England and Wales: a national cohort study (2022)
Journal Article
Al-Turkait, A., Szatkowski, L., Choonara, I., & Ojha, S. (2022). Drug utilisation in neonatal units in England and Wales: a national cohort study. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 78(4), 669-677. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00228-021-03267-x

Purpose: To describe drug utilisation patterns in neonatal units. Methods: Retrospective observational cohort study using data held in the National Neonatal Research Database (NNRD) for neonatal units in England and Wales including infants born at 23... Read More about Drug utilisation in neonatal units in England and Wales: a national cohort study.

Pre-hospital transdermal glyceryl trinitrate in patients with stroke mimics: data from the RIGHT-2 randomised-controlled ambulance trial (2022)
Journal Article
Tunnage, B., Woodhouse, L. J., Dixon, M., Anderson, C. S., Ankolekar, S., Appleton, J. P., …Bath, P. M. (2022). Pre-hospital transdermal glyceryl trinitrate in patients with stroke mimics: data from the RIGHT-2 randomised-controlled ambulance trial. BMC Emergency Medicine, 22(1), Article 2. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12873-021-00560-x

Background: Prehospital stroke trials will inevitably recruit patients with non-stroke conditions, so called stroke mimics. We undertook a pre-specified analysis to determine outcomes in patients with mimics in the second Rapid Intervention with Glyc... Read More about Pre-hospital transdermal glyceryl trinitrate in patients with stroke mimics: data from the RIGHT-2 randomised-controlled ambulance trial.

The uptake and use of a minimum data set (MDS) for older people living and dying in care homes: a realist review (2022)
Journal Article
Musa, M. K., Akdur, G., Brand, S., Killett, A., Spilsbury, K., Peryer, G., …Goodman, C. (2022). The uptake and use of a minimum data set (MDS) for older people living and dying in care homes: a realist review. BMC Geriatrics, 22(1), Article 33. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-021-02705-w

Background: Care homes provide long term care for older people. Countries with standardised approaches to residents’ assessment, care planning and review (known as minimum data sets (MDS)) use the aggregate data to guide resource allocation, monitor... Read More about The uptake and use of a minimum data set (MDS) for older people living and dying in care homes: a realist review.

Neuromuscular recruitment strategies of the vastus lateralis according to sex (2022)
Journal Article
Guo, Y., Jones, E. J., Inns, T. B., Ely, I. A., Stashuk, D. W., Wilkinson, D. J., …Piasecki, M. (2022). Neuromuscular recruitment strategies of the vastus lateralis according to sex. Acta Physiologica, 235(2), Article e13803. https://doi.org/10.1111/apha.13803

Aim: Despite males typically exhibiting greater muscle strength and fatigability than females, it remains unclear if there are sex-based differences in neuromuscular recruitment strategies e.g. recruitment and modulation of motor unit firing rate (MU... Read More about Neuromuscular recruitment strategies of the vastus lateralis according to sex.

Can sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitor reduce the risk of adverse complications due to COVID-19?–Targeting hyperinflammation (2022)
Journal Article
Alshnbari, A., & Idris, I. (2022). Can sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitor reduce the risk of adverse complications due to COVID-19?–Targeting hyperinflammation. Current Medical Research and Opinion, 38(3), 357-364. https://doi.org/10.1080/03007995.2022.2027141

Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors are antidiabetic drugs with numerous pleiotropic and positive clinical effects, particularly regarding a reno-cardiovascular protective effect. More recent studies, including from our laboratory, ha... Read More about Can sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitor reduce the risk of adverse complications due to COVID-19?–Targeting hyperinflammation.

Which factors influence the prevalence of institution-acquired falls? Results from an international, multi-center, cross-sectional survey (2021)
Journal Article
Hoedl, M., Eglseer, D., Bernet, N., Everink, I., Gordon, A. L., Lohrmann, C., …Bauer, S. (2022). Which factors influence the prevalence of institution-acquired falls? Results from an international, multi-center, cross-sectional survey. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 54(4), 462-469. https://doi.org/10.1111/jnu.12758

Purpose: Falls are a highly prevalent problem in hospitals and nursing homes with serious negative consequences such as injuries, increased care dependency, or even death. The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive insight into institution-... Read More about Which factors influence the prevalence of institution-acquired falls? Results from an international, multi-center, cross-sectional survey.

Multifactorial falls prevention programme compared with usual care in UK care homes for older people: Multicentre cluster randomised controlled trial with economic evaluation (2021)
Journal Article
Logan, P. A., Horne, J. C., Gladman, J. R., Gordon, A. L., Robertson, K., Sach, T., …Sims, E. (2021). Multifactorial falls prevention programme compared with usual care in UK care homes for older people: Multicentre cluster randomised controlled trial with economic evaluation. BMJ, 375, Article e066991. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj-2021-066991

Objectives To determine the clinical and cost effectiveness of a multifactorial fall prevention programme compared with usual care in long term care homes. Design Multicentre, parallel, cluster randomised controlled trial. Setting Long term care home... Read More about Multifactorial falls prevention programme compared with usual care in UK care homes for older people: Multicentre cluster randomised controlled trial with economic evaluation.

Circulating testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone are associated with individual motor unit features in untrained and highly active older men (2021)
Journal Article
Guo, Y., Piasecki, J., Swiecicka, A., Ireland, A., Phillips, B. E., Atherton, P. J., …Piasecki, M. (2022). Circulating testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone are associated with individual motor unit features in untrained and highly active older men. GeroScience, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-021-00482-3

Long-term exercise training has been considered as an effective strategy to counteract age-related hormonal declines and minimise muscle atrophy. However, human data relating circulating hormone levels with motor nerve function are scant. The aims of... Read More about Circulating testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone are associated with individual motor unit features in untrained and highly active older men.

Metabolomics as an Important Tool for Determining the Mechanisms of Human Skeletal Muscle Deconditioning (2021)
Journal Article
Alldritt, I., Greenhaff, P. L., & Wilkinson, D. J. (2021). Metabolomics as an Important Tool for Determining the Mechanisms of Human Skeletal Muscle Deconditioning. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22(24), Article 13575. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms222413575

Muscle deconditioning impairs both locomotor function and metabolic health, and is associated with reduced quality life and increased mortality rates. Despite an appreciation of the existence of phenomena such as muscle anabolic resistance, mitophagy... Read More about Metabolomics as an Important Tool for Determining the Mechanisms of Human Skeletal Muscle Deconditioning.

Brief Consent Methods Enable Rapid Enrollment in Acute Stroke Trial: Results From the TICH-2 Randomized Controlled Trial (2021)
Journal Article
the TICH-2 Investigators, Law, Z. K., Appleton, J. P., Scutt, P., Roberts, I., Al-Shahi Salman, R., …Sprigg, N. (2021). Brief Consent Methods Enable Rapid Enrollment in Acute Stroke Trial: Results From the TICH-2 Randomized Controlled Trial. Stroke, 53(4), 1141-1148. https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.121.035191

Background: Seeking consent rapidly in acute stroke trials is crucial as interventions are time sensitive. We explored the association between consent pathways and time to enrollment in the TICH-2 (Tranexamic Acid in Intracerebral Haemorrhage-2) rand... Read More about Brief Consent Methods Enable Rapid Enrollment in Acute Stroke Trial: Results From the TICH-2 Randomized Controlled Trial.