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The timing of unprecedented hydrological drought under climate change (2022)
Journal Article
Satoh, Y., Yoshimura, K., Pokhrel, Y., Kim, H., Shiogama, H., Yokohata, T., …Oki, T. (2022). The timing of unprecedented hydrological drought under climate change. Nature Communications, 13, Article 3287. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-30729-2

Droughts that exceed the magnitudes of historical variation ranges could occur increasingly frequently under future climate conditions. However, the time of the emergence of unprecedented drought conditions under climate change has rarely been examin... Read More about The timing of unprecedented hydrological drought under climate change.

Nutrient availability in the North Pacific region not primarily driven by climate through the Quaternary (2022)
Journal Article
Snelling, A. M., Swann, G. E., Pashley, V., Lacey, J. H., Horstwood, M. S., & Leng, M. J. (2022). Nutrient availability in the North Pacific region not primarily driven by climate through the Quaternary. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 601, Article 111109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2022.111109

The subarctic North Pacific Ocean is a relatively understudied region in terms of palaeoclimate, limiting our understanding of how the region has both driven and responded to palaeoenvironmental events. Today, the subarctic North Pacific Ocean is mar... Read More about Nutrient availability in the North Pacific region not primarily driven by climate through the Quaternary.

A possible role for river restoration enhancing biodiversity through interaction with wildfire (2022)
Journal Article
Pugh, B. E., Colley, M., Dugdale, S. J., Edwards, P., Flitcroft, R., Holz, A., …Field, R. (2022). A possible role for river restoration enhancing biodiversity through interaction with wildfire. Global Ecology and Biogeography, https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13555

Background: Historically, wildfire regimes produced important landscape-scale disturbances in many regions globally. The “pyrodiversity begets biodiversity” hypothesis suggests that wildfires that generate temporally and spatially heterogeneous mosai... Read More about A possible role for river restoration enhancing biodiversity through interaction with wildfire.

Citizen science for Earth Observation (Citizens4EO): understanding current use in the UK (2022)
Journal Article
Boyd, D. S., Foody, G. M., Brown, C., Mazumdar, S., Marshall, H., & Wardlaw, J. (2022). Citizen science for Earth Observation (Citizens4EO): understanding current use in the UK. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 43(8), 2965-2985. https://doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2022.2076574

The role of Earth observation (EO) data in addressing societal problems from environmental through to humanitarian should not be understated. Recent innovation in EO means provision of analysis ready data and data cubes, which allows for rapid use of... Read More about Citizen science for Earth Observation (Citizens4EO): understanding current use in the UK.

Fluffy Rivers: How Our Clothes Can Harm Rivers and The Oceans (2022)
Journal Article
Stanton, T., Johnson, M., Gomes, R. L., Nathanail, P., Macnaughtan, W., & Kay, P. (2022). Fluffy Rivers: How Our Clothes Can Harm Rivers and The Oceans. Frontiers for Young Minds, 10, Article 743943. https://doi.org/10.3389/frym.2022.743943

Microplastics are one of the most well-known types of environmental pollution. A microplastic is any piece of plastic smaller than 5 mm (about the size of one of the circles on top of a Lego® block). Microplastics come in a variety of shapes and they... Read More about Fluffy Rivers: How Our Clothes Can Harm Rivers and The Oceans.

Human health implications from consuming eggs produced near a derelict metalliferous mine: a case study (2022)
Journal Article
Sartorius, A., Johnson, M., Young, S., Bennett, M., Baiker, K., Edwards, P., & Yon, L. (2022). Human health implications from consuming eggs produced near a derelict metalliferous mine: a case study. Food Additives and Contaminants: Part A: Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure and Risk Assessment, 39(6), 1074-1085. https://doi.org/10.1080/19440049.2022.2062059

Lead pollution from metalliferous mines can have major environmental and health effects long after the mines have closed. Animals living near derelict mine sites can inadvertently ingest lead-contaminated soils, causing them to accumulate lead and po... Read More about Human health implications from consuming eggs produced near a derelict metalliferous mine: a case study.

Planet Patrolling: A citizen science brand audit of anthropogenic litter in the context of national legislation and international policy (2022)
Journal Article
Stanton, T., Chico, G., Carr, E., Cook, S., Gomes, R. L., Heard, E., …Johnson, M. (2022). Planet Patrolling: A citizen science brand audit of anthropogenic litter in the context of national legislation and international policy. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 436, Article 129118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2022.129118

Anthropogenic Litter (AL) is ubiquitous in distribution and diverse in type and impact. Citizen science AL clean-ups engage citizens with the environment and have the potential to generate data that can inform policy. Here we present a detailed citiz... Read More about Planet Patrolling: A citizen science brand audit of anthropogenic litter in the context of national legislation and international policy.

Globally widespread and increasing violations of environmental flow envelopes (2022)
Journal Article
Virkki, V., Alanärä, E., Porkka, M., Ahopelto, L., Gleeson, T., Mohan, C., …Kummu, M. (in press). Globally widespread and increasing violations of environmental flow envelopes. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences,

Human actions and climate change have drastically altered river flows across the world, resulting in adverse effects on riverine ecosystems. Environmental flows (EFs) have emerged as a prominent tool for safeguarding the riverine ecosystems, but at t... Read More about Globally widespread and increasing violations of environmental flow envelopes.

Biodiversity: The role of interaction diversity (2022)
Journal Article
Pugh, B. E., & Field, R. (2022). Biodiversity: The role of interaction diversity. Current Biology, 32(9), R423-R426. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2022.03.063

Links between the diversity of ecological interactions and community structure have long been recognised but remain broadly understudied. A new study concludes that vertebrate trophic interaction diversity is nearly uncorrelated with either phylogene... Read More about Biodiversity: The role of interaction diversity.

Multi-model evaluation of catchment- and global-scale hydrological model simulations of drought characteristics across eight large river catchments (2022)
Journal Article
Kumar, A., Gosling, S. N., Johnson, M. F., Jones, M. D., Zaherpour, J., Kumar, R., …Masaki, Y. (2022). Multi-model evaluation of catchment- and global-scale hydrological model simulations of drought characteristics across eight large river catchments. Advances in Water Resources, 165, Article 104212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2022.104212

Although global- and catchment-scale hydrological models are often shown to accurately simulate long-term runoff time-series, far less is known about their suitability for capturing hydrological extremes, such as droughts. Here we evaluated simulatio... Read More about Multi-model evaluation of catchment- and global-scale hydrological model simulations of drought characteristics across eight large river catchments.

Lianas decelerate tropical forest thinning during succession (2022)
Journal Article
Medina-Vega, J. A., van der Heijden, G. M., & Schnitzer, S. A. (2022). Lianas decelerate tropical forest thinning during succession. Ecology Letters, 25(6), 1432-1441. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.14008

The well-established pattern of forest thinning during succession predicts an increase in mean tree biomass with decreasing tree density. The forest thinning pattern is commonly assumed to be driven solely by tree-tree competition. The presence of no... Read More about Lianas decelerate tropical forest thinning during succession.

Climatic and biogeographical drivers of functional diversity in the flora of the Canary Islands (2022)
Journal Article
Hanz, D. M., Cutts, V., Barajas-Barbosa, M. P., Algar, A. C., Beierkuhnlein, C., Fernández-Palacios, J. M., …Davies, J. (2022). Climatic and biogeographical drivers of functional diversity in the flora of the Canary Islands. Global Ecology and Biogeography, https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13507

Aim: Functional traits can help us to elucidate biogeographical and ecological processes driving assemblage structure. We analysed the functional diversity of plant species of different evolutionary origins across an island archipelago, along environ... Read More about Climatic and biogeographical drivers of functional diversity in the flora of the Canary Islands.

An Assessment of Geophysical Survey Techniques for Characterising the Subsurface Around Glacier Margins, and Recommendations for Future Applications (2022)
Journal Article
Watts, H., Booth, A. D., Reinardy, B. T. I., Killingbeck, S. F., Jansson, P., Clark, R. A., …Nesje, A. (2022). An Assessment of Geophysical Survey Techniques for Characterising the Subsurface Around Glacier Margins, and Recommendations for Future Applications. Frontiers in Earth Science, 10, Article 734682. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2022.734682

Geophysical surveys provide an efficient and non-invasive means of studying subsurface conditions in numerous sedimentary settings. In this study, we explore the application of three geophysical methods to a proglacial environment, namely ground pene... Read More about An Assessment of Geophysical Survey Techniques for Characterising the Subsurface Around Glacier Margins, and Recommendations for Future Applications.

Geodiversity and biodiversity on a volcanic island: The role of scattered phonolites for plant diversity and performance (2022)
Journal Article
Kienle, D., Walentowitz, A., Sungur, L., Chiarucci, A., Irl, S. D., Jentsch, A., …Beierkuhnlein, C. (2022). Geodiversity and biodiversity on a volcanic island: The role of scattered phonolites for plant diversity and performance. Biogeosciences, 19(6), 1691-1703. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-19-1691-2022

Oceanic islands are cradles of endemism, contributing substantially to global biodiversity. A similarity in magmatic origin translates into high global comparability of substrates of volcanic islands on the oceanic crust with, however, slightly chemi... Read More about Geodiversity and biodiversity on a volcanic island: The role of scattered phonolites for plant diversity and performance.

Long-term trends in diatom diversity and palaeoproductivity: a 16000-year multidecadal record from Lake Baikal, southern Siberia (2022)
Journal Article
Mackay, A. W., Felde, V. A., Morley, D. W., Piotrowska, N., Rioual, P., Seddon, A. W. R., & Swann, G. E. A. (2022). Long-term trends in diatom diversity and palaeoproductivity: a 16000-year multidecadal record from Lake Baikal, southern Siberia. Climate of the Past, 18(2), 363-380. https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-18-363-2022

Biological diversity is inextricably linked to community stability and ecosystem functioning, but our understanding of these relationships in freshwater ecosystems is largely based on short-term observational, experimental, and modelling approaches.... Read More about Long-term trends in diatom diversity and palaeoproductivity: a 16000-year multidecadal record from Lake Baikal, southern Siberia.

Disruption of cultural burning promotes shrub encroachment and unprecedented wildfires (2022)
Journal Article
Mariani, M., Connor, S. E., Theuerkauf, M., Herbert, A., Kuneš, P., Bowman, D., …Briles, C. (2022). Disruption of cultural burning promotes shrub encroachment and unprecedented wildfires. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 20(5), 292-300. https://doi.org/10.1002/fee.2395

Recent catastrophic fires in Australia and North America have raised broad-scale questions about how the cessation of Indigenous burning practices has impacted fuel accumulation and structure. For sustainable coexistence with fire, a better understan... Read More about Disruption of cultural burning promotes shrub encroachment and unprecedented wildfires.

High species turnover and low intraspecific trait variation in endemic and non‐endemic plant species assemblages on an oceanic island (2022)
Journal Article
Hanz, D. M., Beloiu, M., Wipfler, R., Beierkuhnlein, C., Field, R., Jentsch, A., …Irl, S. D. H. (2022). High species turnover and low intraspecific trait variation in endemic and non‐endemic plant species assemblages on an oceanic island. Journal of Vegetation Science, 33(1), Article e13120. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.13120

Questions Both species turnover and intraspecific trait variation can affect plant assemblage dynamics along environmental gradients. Here, we asked how community assemblage patterns in relation to species turnover and intraspecific variation differ... Read More about High species turnover and low intraspecific trait variation in endemic and non‐endemic plant species assemblages on an oceanic island.

Aquatic insect bioconstructions modify fine‐sediment entrainment and mobility (2022)
Journal Article
Mason, R. J., Rice, S. P., Johnson, M. F., Wood, P. J., & Vettori, D. (2022). Aquatic insect bioconstructions modify fine‐sediment entrainment and mobility. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, https://doi.org/10.1029/2021jf006399

The importance of animals within fluvial geomorphology (zoogeomorphology) is increasingly recognized. Caddisflies (Trichoptera) are a group of aquatic insects known for their bioconstructions. Many caddisfly construct cases from fine sediment and sil... Read More about Aquatic insect bioconstructions modify fine‐sediment entrainment and mobility.

Silicic Acid Cycling in the Bering Sea During the Mid-Pleistocene Transition (2022)
Journal Article
Worne, S., Swann, G. E., Kender, S., Lacey, J. H., & Leng, M. J. (2022). Silicic Acid Cycling in the Bering Sea During the Mid-Pleistocene Transition. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 37(2), Article e2021PA004284. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021PA004284

The rate of deep-ocean carbon burial is considered important for modulating glacial-interglacial atmospheric CO2 concentrations and global climate during the Quaternary. It has been suggested that glacial iron fertilization and increased efficiency o... Read More about Silicic Acid Cycling in the Bering Sea During the Mid-Pleistocene Transition.

Making (remote) sense of lianas (2022)
Journal Article
van der Heijden, G. M. F., Proctor, A. D., Calders, K., Chandler, C., Field, R., Foody, G. M., …Boyd, D. S. (2022). Making (remote) sense of lianas. Journal of Ecology, 110(3), 498-513. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13844

Lianas (woody vines) are abundant and diverse, particularly in tropical ecosystems. Lianas use trees for structural support to reach the forest canopy, often putting leaves above their host tree. Thus they are major parts of many forest canopies. Yet... Read More about Making (remote) sense of lianas.