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The effect of stimulus duration on preferences for gain adjustments when listening to speech (2021)
Journal Article
Whitmer, W. M., Caswell-Midwinter, B., & Naylor, G. (2021). The effect of stimulus duration on preferences for gain adjustments when listening to speech. International Journal of Audiology, https://doi.org/10.1080/14992027.2021.1998676

Objectives: In the personalisation of hearing-aid fittings, gain is often adjusted to suit patient preferences using live speech. When using brief sentences as stimuli, the minimum gain adjustments necessary to elicit consistent preferences (“prefere... Read More about The effect of stimulus duration on preferences for gain adjustments when listening to speech.

Clinical Trials and Outcome Measures in Adults With Hearing Loss (2021)
Journal Article
Munro, K. J., Whitmer, W. M., & Heinrich, A. (2021). Clinical Trials and Outcome Measures in Adults With Hearing Loss. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, Article 733060. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.733060

Clinical trials are designed to evaluate interventions that prevent, diagnose or treat a health condition and provide the evidence base for improving practice in health care. Many health professionals, including those working within or allied to hear... Read More about Clinical Trials and Outcome Measures in Adults With Hearing Loss.

Longitudinal associations between hearing loss and general cognitive ability: the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 (2019)
Journal Article
Okely, J. A., Akeroyd, M. A., Allerhand, M., Starr, J. M., & Deary, I. J. (2019). Longitudinal associations between hearing loss and general cognitive ability: the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936. Psychology and Aging, 34(6), 766-779. https://doi.org/10.1037/pag0000385

Hearing impairment is associated with poorer cognitive function in later life. We tested for the potential contribution of childhood cognitive ability to this relationship. Childhood cognitive ability is strongly related to cognitive function in olde... Read More about Longitudinal associations between hearing loss and general cognitive ability: the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936.

Discrimination of gain increments in speech-shaped noises (2019)
Journal Article
Caswell-Midwinter, B., & Whitmer, W. (2019). Discrimination of gain increments in speech-shaped noises. Trends in Hearing, 23, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1177/2331216518820220

Frequency-dependent gain adjustments are routine in hearing-aid fittings, whether in matching to real-ear targets or fine-tuning to patient feedback. Patient feedback may be unreliable and fittings inefficient if adjustments are not discriminable. To... Read More about Discrimination of gain increments in speech-shaped noises.

Mammalian behavior and physiology converge to confirm sharper cochlear tuning in humans (2018)
Journal Article
Wells, T. T., Kreft, H. A., Palmer, A. R., Oxenham, A. J., Shera, C. A., Sumner, C. J., …Shera, C. (2018). Mammalian behavior and physiology converge to confirm sharper cochlear tuning in humans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(44), 11322-11326. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1810766115

© 2018 National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Frequency analysis of sound by the cochlea is the most fundamental property of the auditory system. Despite its importance, the resolution of this frequency analysis in humans remains controve... Read More about Mammalian behavior and physiology converge to confirm sharper cochlear tuning in humans.

Cortical correlates of speech intelligibility measured using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) (2018)
Journal Article
Lawrence, R. J., Wiggins, I. M., Anderson, C. A., Davies-Thompson, J., & Hartley, D. E. (2018). Cortical correlates of speech intelligibility measured using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Hearing Research, 370, 53-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heares.2018.09.005

Functional neuroimaging has identified that the temporal, frontal and parietal cortex support core aspects of speech processing. An objective measure of speech intelligibility based on cortical activation in these brain regions would be extremely use... Read More about Cortical correlates of speech intelligibility measured using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS).

International Collegium of Rehabilitative Audiology (ICRA) recommendations for the construction of multilingual speech tests: ICRA Working Group on Multilingual Speech Tests (2015)
Journal Article
Akeroyd, M. A., Arlinger, S., Bentler, R. A., Boothroyd, A., Dillier, N., Dreschler, W. A., …Kollmeier, B. (2015). International Collegium of Rehabilitative Audiology (ICRA) recommendations for the construction of multilingual speech tests: ICRA Working Group on Multilingual Speech Tests. International Journal of Audiology, 54(Sup. 2), 17-22. doi:10.3109/14992027.2015.1030513

Objective: To provide guidelines for the development of two types of closed-set speech-perception tests that can be applied and interpreted in the same way across languages. The guidelines cover the digit triplet and the matrix sentence tests that ar... Read More about International Collegium of Rehabilitative Audiology (ICRA) recommendations for the construction of multilingual speech tests: ICRA Working Group on Multilingual Speech Tests.

Distractions during critical phases of anaesthesia for caesarean section: an observational study (2014)
Journal Article
Jenkins, A., Wilkinson, J. V., Akeroyd, M. A., & Broom, M. A. (2015). Distractions during critical phases of anaesthesia for caesarean section: an observational study. Anaesthesia, 70(5), 543-548. doi:10.1111/anae.12979

Aviation's 'sterile cockpit' rule holds that distractions on the flight deck should be kept at a minimum during critical phases of flight. To assess current practice at comparable points during obstetric regional anaesthesia, we measured ambient nois... Read More about Distractions during critical phases of anaesthesia for caesarean section: an observational study.

A method for measuring the intelligibility of uninterrupted, continuous speech (2014)
Journal Article
MacPherson, A., & Akeroyd, M. A. (2014). A method for measuring the intelligibility of uninterrupted, continuous speech. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 135(3), 1027-1030. doi:10.1121/1.4863657

Speech-in-noise tests commonly use short, discrete sentences as representative samples of everyday speech. These tests cannot, however, fully represent the added demands of understanding ongoing, linguistically complex speech. Using a new monitoring... Read More about A method for measuring the intelligibility of uninterrupted, continuous speech.