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Some animals are more equal than others: Validation of a new scale to measure how attitudes to animals depend on species and human purpose of use (2020)
Journal Article
Bradley, A., Mennie, N., Bibby, P. A., & Cassaday, H. J. (2020). Some animals are more equal than others: Validation of a new scale to measure how attitudes to animals depend on species and human purpose of use. PLoS ONE, 15(1), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0227948

Globally, many millions of animals are used by humans every year and much of this usage causes public concern. A new scale, devised to measure attitudes to animal use in relation to the purpose of use and species, the Animal Purpose Questionnaire (AP... Read More about Some animals are more equal than others: Validation of a new scale to measure how attitudes to animals depend on species and human purpose of use.

How do drivers recall positive and negative driving events? A quantitative approach to analysing driving diaries (2020)
Journal Article
Barnard, M., Pampel, S., Burnett, G., Allen, H., & Chapman, P. (2020). How do drivers recall positive and negative driving events? A quantitative approach to analysing driving diaries. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 69, 28-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2020.01.005

Whilst diary studies are often analysed in a qualitative manner, quantitative methods which analyse the percentage of different types of language used in diary entries, now exist. From a driving perspective, this could arguably tell us more about the... Read More about How do drivers recall positive and negative driving events? A quantitative approach to analysing driving diaries.

Timing impairments in early Alzheimer’s Disease: Evidence from a mouse model (2020)
Journal Article
Armstrong, P., Pardon, M., & Bonardi, C. (in press). Timing impairments in early Alzheimer’s Disease: Evidence from a mouse model. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease,

A key characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is loss of episodic memory - memory for what happened, where and when; this final aspect - timing - is the focus of this paper. Although timing deficits have been reported in AD patients, no parallel s... Read More about Timing impairments in early Alzheimer’s Disease: Evidence from a mouse model.

University students’ notion of Autism Spectrum Conditions : a Cross-cultural study (2020)
Journal Article
de Vries, M., Cader, S., Colleer, L., Batteux, E., Yasdiman, M. B., Tan, Y. J., & Sheppard, E. (2020). University students’ notion of Autism Spectrum Conditions : a Cross-cultural study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-04343-z

Cultural background might influence knowledge and attitudes regarding autism, influencing willingness to interact. We studied whether beliefs, knowledge, contact, and attitude differed between the UK and Malaysia. With mediation analyses, we studied... Read More about University students’ notion of Autism Spectrum Conditions : a Cross-cultural study.

Altruistic and Warm-Glow Motivations: Differentiating First Time From Repeat Donors (2019)
Journal Article
Ferguson, E., & Lawrence, C. (2019). Altruistic and Warm-Glow Motivations: Differentiating First Time From Repeat Donors. TPM: Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology, 26(4), 639-651. https://doi.org/10.4473/TPM26.4.10

The conversion rate of 1st time donors to their 2nd and 3rd donation is low creating a significant problem to transfusion services. We hypothesise that feelings of warm-glow associated with donating blood, contribute to the differentiation between 1... Read More about Altruistic and Warm-Glow Motivations: Differentiating First Time From Repeat Donors.

A Behaviour Sequence Analysis of Young People and Gambling-Related Harm (2019)
Journal Article
Keatley, D., Parke, A., Townsend, E., Markham, C., & Clarke, D. (2019). A Behaviour Sequence Analysis of Young People and Gambling-Related Harm. Journal of Gambling Issues, 43,

Gambling is a worldwide issue that requires continued, extensive investigation. Most people have gambled at some point in their lives, and many do so without incurring problems. However, a number of individuals do experience gambling-related harm, an... Read More about A Behaviour Sequence Analysis of Young People and Gambling-Related Harm.

Interpreting signals in other people’s behavior to sense things about them and to infer things about their world (2019)
Journal Article
Wu, W., Sheppard, E., & Mitchell, P. (2019). Interpreting signals in other people’s behavior to sense things about them and to infer things about their world. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, https://doi.org/10.1111/spc3.12513

In this article we propose a new framework for investigating how accurately and by what process people read others' minds-a process that requires perceivers to make a retrodictive inference. In this context, we discuss the value of a novel methodolog... Read More about Interpreting signals in other people’s behavior to sense things about them and to infer things about their world.

Can cartoons which depict autistic characters improve attitudes towards autistic peers? (2019)
Journal Article
Engel, C. S., & Sheppard, E. (2019). Can cartoons which depict autistic characters improve attitudes towards autistic peers?. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-04318-0

This study aimed to assess the efficacy of two cartoons which depict autistic characters in improving attitudes towards autistic peers in two separate studies. Forty-six children participated in study 1 (4–7 years), and 47 children participated in st... Read More about Can cartoons which depict autistic characters improve attitudes towards autistic peers?.

Is Camouflaging Autistic Traits Associated with Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviours? Expanding the Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide in an Undergraduate Student Sample (2019)
Journal Article
Cassidy, S. A., Gould, K., Townsend, E., Pelton, M., Robertson, A. E., & Rodgers, J. (2019). Is Camouflaging Autistic Traits Associated with Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviours? Expanding the Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide in an Undergraduate Student Sample. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-04323-3

The current study explored whether people who camouflage autistic traits are more likely to experience thwarted belongingness and suicidality, as predicted by the Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS). 160 undergraduate students (86.9%... Read More about Is Camouflaging Autistic Traits Associated with Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviours? Expanding the Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide in an Undergraduate Student Sample.

Secondary Benefits to Attentional Processing Through Intervention with an Interactive Maths App (2019)
Journal Article
Pitchford, N. J., & Outhwaite, L. A. (2019). Secondary Benefits to Attentional Processing Through Intervention with an Interactive Maths App. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02633

Previous research has shown that a specific interactive app, designed to support the development of early mathematical skills and delivered on hand-held tablets, is effective at raising mathematical attainment in young children in low-and high-income... Read More about Secondary Benefits to Attentional Processing Through Intervention with an Interactive Maths App.

Disease Activity Flares and Pain Flares in an early rheumatoid arthritis inception cohort; characteristics, antecedents and sequelae (2019)
Journal Article
McWilliams, D. F., Rahman, S., James, R., Ferguson, E., Kiely, P., Young, A., & Walsh, D. (2019). Disease Activity Flares and Pain Flares in an early rheumatoid arthritis inception cohort; characteristics, antecedents and sequelae. BMC Rheumatology, 3, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41927-019-0100-9

Background RA flares are common and disabling. They are described in terms of worsening inflammation but pain and inflammation are often discordant. To inform treatment decisions, we investigated whether inflammatory and pain flares are discrete ent... Read More about Disease Activity Flares and Pain Flares in an early rheumatoid arthritis inception cohort; characteristics, antecedents and sequelae.

Data showing regional differences in rat brain monoaminergic function (2019)
Journal Article
Nelson, A. .., & Cassaday, H. (2019). Data showing regional differences in rat brain monoaminergic function. Data in Brief, 27, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2019.104814

Chemical neurotransmitters (such as dopamine) modulate cognitive function via ascending projections to various cortical and sub-cortical brain regions. This report describes and links to a relatively large dataset (up to N=112) compiled from control... Read More about Data showing regional differences in rat brain monoaminergic function.

Cultivating virtue in postgraduates: An empirical study of the Oxford Global Leadership Initiative (2019)
Journal Article
Brant, J., Lamb, M., Burdett, E., & Brooks, E. (2019). Cultivating virtue in postgraduates: An empirical study of the Oxford Global Leadership Initiative. Journal of Moral Education, https://doi.org/10.1080/03057240.2019.1682977

Although virtue ethics has emerged as an influential ethical theory within the academy, universities have not generally taken up the practical task of virtue cultivation. Some academics even resist the effort altogether. In response, this article pre... Read More about Cultivating virtue in postgraduates: An empirical study of the Oxford Global Leadership Initiative.

A Systematic and Methodological Review of Attentional Biases in Eating Disorders: Food, Body, and Perfectionism (2019)
Journal Article
Ralph-Nearman, C., Achee, M., Lapidus, R., Stewart, J. L., & Filik, R. (2019). A Systematic and Methodological Review of Attentional Biases in Eating Disorders: Food, Body, and Perfectionism. Brain and Behavior, 9(12), https://doi.org/10.1002/brb3.1458

Objective: The current systematic and methodological review aimed to critically review existing literature utilizing implicit processing, or automatic approach- and/or avoidance-related attentional biases between eating disorder (ED) and nonclinical... Read More about A Systematic and Methodological Review of Attentional Biases in Eating Disorders: Food, Body, and Perfectionism.

Effects of childhood trauma, daily stress, and emotions on daily cortisol levels in individuals vulnerable to suicide. (2019)
Journal Article
O'Connor, R. C., O'Carroll, R. E., O'Connor, D. B., Branley-Bell, D., Green, J. A., & Ferguson, E. (2019). Effects of childhood trauma, daily stress, and emotions on daily cortisol levels in individuals vulnerable to suicide. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 129(1), 92-107. https://doi.org/10.1037/abn0000482

Objectives: Suicide is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity, as measured by cortisol levels, has been identified as one potential risk factor. Evidence has indicated that childhood trauma i... Read More about Effects of childhood trauma, daily stress, and emotions on daily cortisol levels in individuals vulnerable to suicide..