Research Repository

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Techno-economic assessment of scale-up of bio-flocculant extraction and production by using okra as biomass feedstock (2018)
Journal Article
Lee, C. S., Chong, M. F., Binner, E., Gomes, R. L., & Robinson, J. P. (2018). Techno-economic assessment of scale-up of bio-flocculant extraction and production by using okra as biomass feedstock. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 132, doi:10.1016/j.cherd.2018.01.050. ISSN 0263-8762

This paper reports a techno-economic assessment for industrial scale bio-flocculant production with okra as biomass feedstock. The sludge dewatering ability of the bio-flocculant was evaluated prior to economic analysis. Several optimisation strategi... Read More

Microwave assisted hydro-distillation of essential oils from fresh ginger root (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) (2017)
Journal Article
Racoti, A., Buttress, A., Binner, E., Dodds, C., Trifan, A., & Calinescu, I. (2017). Microwave assisted hydro-distillation of essential oils from fresh ginger root (Zingiber officinale Roscoe). Journal of Essential Oil Research, doi:10.1080/10412905.2017.1360216. ISSN 1041-2905

A solvent free in situ microwave hydro-distillation method for extraction of essential oil from fresh ginger root it presented. Extraction was conducted in a TE10n single-mode microwave cavity and variable power 2 kW generator operating at 2.45GHz. T... Read More

Enhancing evaporative mass transfer and steam stripping using microwave heating (2017)
Journal Article
Ogunniran, O., Binner, E., Sklavounos, A., & Robinson, J. P. (2017). Enhancing evaporative mass transfer and steam stripping using microwave heating. Chemical Engineering Science, 165, doi:10.1016/j.ces.2017.03.003. ISSN 0009-2509

The effect of microwave heating on evaporative mass transfer of hydrocarbons was investigated for a number of contaminated solid materials. The rate of oil removal could be rationalised by the velocity of steam that was created by selective heating o... Read More

Enhancing natural product extraction and mass transfer using selective microwave heating (2016)
Journal Article
Lee, C. S., Binner, E., Winkworth-Smith, C., John, R., Gomes, R., & Robinson, J. (2016). Enhancing natural product extraction and mass transfer using selective microwave heating. Chemical Engineering Science, 149, doi:10.1016/j.ces.2016.04.031. ISSN 0009-2509

This study uses a combination of empirical observations and an analysis of mass transfer behaviour to yield new insights into the mechanism of microwave assisted extraction. Enhancements in extraction rate and yield were observed experimentally compa... Read More

Optimisation of extraction and sludge dewatering efficiencies of bio-flocculants extracted from Abelmoschus esculentus (okra) (2015)
Journal Article
Lee, S. L., Chong, M. F., Robinson, J. P., & Binner, E. (2015). Optimisation of extraction and sludge dewatering efficiencies of bio-flocculants extracted from Abelmoschus esculentus (okra). Journal of Environmental Management, 157, doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.04.028. ISSN 0301-4797

The production of natural biopolymers as flocculants for water treatment is highly desirable due to their inherent low toxicity and low environmental footprint. In this study, bio-flocculants were extracted from Hibiscus/Abelmoschus esculentus (okra)... Read More

A review on development and application of plant-based bioflocculants and grafted bioflocculants (2014)
Journal Article
Lee, C. S., Chong, M. F., Robinson, J. P., & Binner, E. (2014). A review on development and application of plant-based bioflocculants and grafted bioflocculants. Industrial && Engineering Chemistry Research, 53(48), doi:10.1021/ie5034045. ISSN 0888-5885

Flocculation is extensively employed for clarification through sedimentation. Application of eco-friendly plant-based bioflocculants in wastewater treatment has attracted significant attention lately with high removal capability in terms of solids, t... Read More

Microwave processing of oil sands and contribution of clay minerals (2014)
Journal Article
Robinson, J. P., Binner, E., Saeid, A., Al-Harahsheh, M., & Kingman, S. (2014). Microwave processing of oil sands and contribution of clay minerals. Fuel, 135, doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2014.06.057. ISSN 0016-2361

This study establishes the feasibility of microwave heating for extracting oil from Oil Sands in ex-situ processes. Previous studies in this area have shown some potential, but have not characterised the dielectric properties of the Oil Sands used, n... Read More

Factors affecting the microwave coking of coals and the implications on microwave cavity design (2014)
Journal Article
Binner, E., Medeira-Munoyerro, M., Huddle, T., Kingman, S., Dodds, C., Dimitrakis, G., …Lester, E. (2014). Factors affecting the microwave coking of coals and the implications on microwave cavity design. Fuel Processing Technology, 125, doi:10.1016/j.fuproc.2014.03.006. ISSN 0378-3820

The work carried out in this paper assessed how processing conditions and feedstock affect the quality of the coke produced during microwave coke making. The aim was to gather information that would support the development of an optimised microwave c... Read More

A review of microwave coal processing (2014)
Journal Article
Binner, E., Lester, E., Kingman, S., Dodds, C., Wu, T., Robinson, J. P., …Mathews, J. P. (2014). A review of microwave coal processing. Journal of Microwave Power and Electromagnetic Energy, 48(1), ISSN 0832-7823

This paper reviews the application of microwave energy in coal processing and utilisation. It covers a wide variety of processes including liberation of minerals, coal drying, pre-treatment to improve grindability, liquefaction enhancements and coke... Read More

Separation of oil/water emulsions in continuous flow using microwave heating (2013)
Journal Article
Binner, E., Robinson, J. P., Kingman, S., Lester, E., Azzopardi, B. J., Dimitrakis, G., & Briggs, J. (2013). Separation of oil/water emulsions in continuous flow using microwave heating. Energy and Fuels, 27(6), doi:10.1021/ef400634n. ISSN 0887-0624

This work studies a continuous flow microwave system to enhance gravity settling of water-in-oil emulsions. Settling times were found to be dependent upon the applied power, flowrate and energy input. Power and energy input are linked to liquid flowr... Read More