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Simultaneous conventional and microwave heating for the synthesis of adsorbents for CO2 capture: Comparative study to pristine technologies



Emily T. Kostas

Senior Research Fellow


Professor of Process Engineering



Microwave has become an attractive technology in the valorisation of renewable biomass and in the mitigation of challenges of climate change. In this work, the synergic effects of coupling microwave and mild conventional heating conditions has been investigated in preparing engineered ultra-micropore carbons from lignocellulosic biomass. The processing conditions were systematically investigated and correlated to the physicochemical properties of activated carbons produced and their performance in post-combustion CO2 capture. The highest CO2 uptake (225 mg g−1) was achieved for the hybrid carbon produced at low temperature (600 °C) and modest microwave intensity. The synergic effect of hybrid heating was confirmed by the significant CO2 uptake increase up to 80 and 60 % for the activated carbons prepared by microwave and conventional heating, respectively. The enhanced adsorption was confirmed by cyclic regeneration up to 99 % after 16 adsorption–desorption cycles, showing a linear correlation between the surface area, micropore volume and CO2 uptake. The Pseudo-first order model accurately describes the adsorption phenomena, indicating that physisorption is the primary mechanism governing the process. The results acquired from this study highlight the process intensification in the synthesis of porous materials with comparable properties that are typically attained in conventional heating using energy intensive conditions. Additionally, this approach reveals the benefits of conventional treatment for increasing the material's microwave susceptibility and as consequence to reduce the processing time by microwave heating. The synergic effects confirms the potential of hybrid heating for applications where fast and selective heating is paramount.


Durán-Jiménez, G., Rodriguez, J., Kostas, E. T., Stevens, L. A., Lozada-Rodríguez, L., Binner, E., & Dodds, C. (2022). Simultaneous conventional and microwave heating for the synthesis of adsorbents for CO2 capture: Comparative study to pristine technologies. Chemical Engineering Journal, 438, Article 135549.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 26, 2022
Online Publication Date Mar 7, 2022
Publication Date Jun 15, 2022
Deposit Date Jun 24, 2022
Publicly Available Date Mar 8, 2023
Journal Chemical Engineering Journal
Print ISSN 1385-8947
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 438
Article Number 135549
Keywords Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering; General Chemical Engineering; Environmental Chemistry; General Chemistry
Public URL
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