Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Study on pollutants formation under knocking combustion conditions using an optical single cylinder SI research engine

Karvountzis-Kontakiotis, Apostolos; Vafamehr, Hassan; Cairns, Alasdair; Peckham, Mark

Study on pollutants formation under knocking combustion conditions using an optical single cylinder SI research engine Thumbnail


Apostolos Karvountzis-Kontakiotis

Profile Image

Chair in Combustion Engineering

Mark Peckham


The aim of this experimental study is to investigate the pollutants formation and cyclic emission variability under knocking combustion conditions. A great number of studies extensively describe the phenomenon of knock and its combustion characteristics as well as the effect of knock on engine performance; however the impact of knocking combustion on pollutants formation and how it affects cyclic emission variability has not been previously explored. In this study, an optical single cylinder SI research engine and fast response analyzers were employed to experimentally correlate knocking combustion characteristics with cyclic resolved emissions from cycle to cycle. High-speed natural light photography imaging and simultaneous in-cylinder pressure measurements were obtained from the optical research engine to interpret emissions formation under knocking combustion. The test protocol included the investigation of the effect of various engine parameters such as ignition timing and mixture air/fuel ratio on knocking combustion and pollutant formation. Results showed that at stoichiometric conditions by advancing spark timing from MBT to knock intensity equal to 6 bar, instantaneous NO and HC emissions are increased by up to 60% compared to the MBT operating conditions. A further increase of knock intensity at the limits of pre-ignition region was found to significantly drop NO emissions. Conversely, it was found that when knocking combustion occurs at lean conditions, NO emissions are enhanced as knock intensity is increased.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 9, 2018
Online Publication Date Jun 12, 2018
Publication Date Sep 1, 2018
Deposit Date Jun 11, 2018
Publicly Available Date Jun 13, 2019
Journal Energy
Print ISSN 0360-5442
Electronic ISSN 1873-6785
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 158
Pages 899-910
Keywords Knocking combustion; Cycle resolved emissions; NO formation; Optical research engine; Cyclic emission variability
Public URL
Publisher URL


You might also like

Downloadable Citations