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South-South migration and the labor market: evidence from South Africa

Biavaschi, Costanza; Facchini, Giovanni; Mayda, Anna Maria; Mendola, Mariapia

Authors

Costanza Biavaschi costanza.biavaschi@ntnu.no

Anna Maria Mayda amm223@georgetown.edu

Mariapia Mendola mariapia.mendola@unimib.it



Abstract

Using census data for 1996, 2001 and 2007 we study the labor market effect of immigration to South Africa. We exploit the variation – both at the district and at the national level –in the share of foreign–born male workers across schooling and experience groups over time. In addition, we use an instrumental variable empirical strategy to estimate the causal effect of immigration on the local labor market. At the district level, we show that increased immigration has a negative and significant effect on natives’ employment rates but not on total income. At the national level, we find that increased immigration has a negative and significant effect on natives’ total income but not on employment rates. Our results are consistent with outflows of natives to other districts as a consequence of migration, as in Borjas (2006).

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jul 1, 2018
Journal Journal of Economic Geography
Print ISSN 1468-2702
Electronic ISSN 1468-2710
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 18
Issue 4
APA6 Citation Biavaschi, C., Facchini, G., Mayda, A. M., & Mendola, M. (2018). South-South migration and the labor market: evidence from South Africa. Journal of Economic Geography, 18(4), https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lby010
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lby010
Keywords Immigration, labor market effects, South Africa
Publisher URL https://academic.oup.com/joeg/advance-article/doi/10.1093/jeg/lby010/4962130
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Economic Geography following peer review. The version of record Costanza Biavaschi, Giovanni Facchini, Anna Maria Mayda, Mariapia Mendola; South–South migration and the labor market: evidence from South Africa, Journal of Economic Geography, , lby010, https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lby010 is available online at:https://academic.oup.co...1093/jeg/lby010/4962130

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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