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Essential bundle theory and modality

Jago, Mark


Professor of Philosophy


Bundle theories identify material objects with bundles of properties. On the traditional approach, these are the properties possessed by that material object. That view faces a deep problem: it seems to say that all of an object’s properties are essential to it. Essential bundle theory attempts to overcome this objection, by taking the bundle as a specification of the object’s essential properties only. In this paper, I show that essential bundle theory faces a variant of the objection. To avoid the problem, the theory must accept the contingency of identity. I show how this can be achieved in a coherent and well-motivated way, a way that isn’t available to traditional bundle theories.


Jago, M. (in press). Essential bundle theory and modality. Synthese,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 19, 2018
Online Publication Date Jun 1, 2018
Deposit Date May 31, 2018
Publicly Available Date Jun 1, 2018
Journal Synthese
Print ISSN 0039-7857
Electronic ISSN 1573-0964
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords Essence; Modality; Bundle theory; Essential bundle theory; Material objects; Contingent identity; Counterpart theory; Metaphysics
Public URL
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Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address:


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