Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

The use of visual schedules and work systems to increase the on-task behaviour of students on the autism spectrum in mainstream classrooms

Macdonald, Libby; Trembath, David; Ashburner, Jill; Costley, Debra; Keen, Deb

Authors

Libby Macdonald

David Trembath

Jill Ashburner

Deb Keen



Abstract

Apparent differences in executive function can lead to challenges for students on the autism spectrum in mainstream settings. Difficulties with staying on-task and transitioning between tasks or task elements can interfere with students’ participation in educational activities and lead to stress and anxiety. While the use of visual supports, such as visual schedules and work systems, has been shown to be effective in supporting students to stay on-task in special education and autism-specific settings, there is little research to support the use of these strategies by teachers in mainstream classrooms. This study evaluated the use of visual schedules and work systems in supporting four students on the autism spectrum to stay on-task and work independently in a mainstream setting. These strategies were implemented by teachers as inclusive practices, and evaluated using observations within the natural classroom environment to examine their feasibility in mainstream settings. All participants demonstrated improvements in on-task behaviours. Results for other, secondary, dependent variables were mixed, with some students showing reduced off-task behaviours and increased productivity. The implications for clinical practice and future research directions are discussed.

Citation

Macdonald, L., Trembath, D., Ashburner, J., Costley, D., & Keen, D. (2018). The use of visual schedules and work systems to increase the on-task behaviour of students on the autism spectrum in mainstream classrooms. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-3802.12409

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 16, 2017
Publication Date Jan 15, 2018
Deposit Date Jan 22, 2018
Publicly Available Date Jan 16, 2020
Journal Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs
Electronic ISSN 1471-3802
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-3802.12409
Keywords autism spectrum disorder, visual schedules, work systems, on-task behaviour, mainstream classrooms
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/49187
Publisher URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1471-3802.12409/abstract
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Macdonald, L., Trembath, D., Ashburner, J., Costley, D. and Keen, D. (2018), The use of visual schedules and work systems to increase the on-task behaviour of students on the autism spectrum in mainstream classrooms. J Res Spec Educ Needs, which has been published in final form at doi:10.1111/1471-3802.12409. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

Files


Visual schedules-Macdonald et al-JORSEN 2018.pdf (341 Kb)
PDF

Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





You might also like



Downloadable Citations