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A water-soluble core material for manufacturing hollow composite sections

Xiao, Z.; Harper, L.T.; Kennedy, Andrew R.; Warrior, N.A.

Authors

Z. Xiao

LEE HARPER LEE.HARPER@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Associate Professor - Composites Manufacturing

Andrew R. Kennedy

NICHOLAS WARRIOR nick.warrior@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Mechanical Engineering & Head of Research Division



Abstract

This paper presents the development of a low-cost water-soluble core material, which is suitable for producing hollow composite structures via high pressure moulding processes, such as compression moulding and resin transfer moulding. The bulk material of the core is sodium chloride (NaCl), which is held together by a watersoluble trehalose binder. The composition of the core has been optimised to provide acceptable dissolution rates and mechanical properties for high volume structural composite applications.
The compressive strength of the NaCl core was 57 MPa at ambient temperature, which reduced to 20 MPa when tested at 120 °C. The compressive strength at elevated temperature was approximately 4 times higher than for a water-soluble commercial benchmark and 33 times higher than a conventional structural closed-cell foam. The specific dissolution rate of the NaCl core was between 0.14 and 1.23 kg/(min·m2), depending on processing parameters and the coefficient of thermal expansion was approximately 43 × 10−6/K. A practical example has been presented to demonstrate how the removable core can be used to produce a representative hollow section of an integrally stiffened panel.

Citation

Xiao, Z., Harper, L., Kennedy, A. R., & Warrior, N. (2017). A water-soluble core material for manufacturing hollow composite sections. Composite Structures, 182, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2017.09.058

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 20, 2017
Online Publication Date Sep 21, 2017
Publication Date Dec 15, 2017
Deposit Date Nov 8, 2017
Publicly Available Date Nov 8, 2017
Journal Composite Structures
Print ISSN 0263-8223
Electronic ISSN 1879-1085
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 182
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2017.09.058
Keywords Compression moulding; Water-soluble; Core; Carbon fibre composite
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/47969
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0263822317320573?via%3Dihub
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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