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Experimental investigation of woody and non-woody biomass combustion in a bubbling fluidised bed combustor focusing on gaseous emissions and temperature profiles

Sher, Farooq; Pans, Miguel A.; Afilaka, Daniel T.; Sun, Chenggong; Liu, Hao

Authors

Farooq Sher Farooq.Sher@nottingham.ac.uk

Miguel A. Pans

Daniel T. Afilaka daniel.afilaka@gmail.com

Chenggong Sun cheng-gong.sun@nottingham.ac.uk

Hao Liu



Abstract

Air staging is a well-known effective method to control NOx emissions from solid fuel combustion boilers. However, further research is still needed to clarify the effect of air staging at different injection locations on the gaseous emissions of Fluidised Bed Combustion (FBC) boilers that fire 100% biomass fuels, particularly non-woody biomass fuels. The main objective of this work is to investigate the effect of the staging air injection location on the gaseous emissions (NOx and CO) and temperature profiles of a 20 kWth bubbling fluidised bed combustor firing three non-woody (straw, miscanthus and peanuts) and two woody biomass fuels. The experimental results showed that injecting the secondary air at the higher location could lead to a greater NOx reduction due to the fact that the biomass combustion reaction mainly took place in the splash zone and/or beginning of the freeboard. Up to 30% of NOx reduction, compared with no air staging, was achieved for the non-woody fuels when the staging air was injected at the higher position. Air staging also significantly reduced the CO emissions as a result of the higher temperatures in the freeboard and longer residence time in the primary combustion zone.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 15, 2017
Journal Energy
Print ISSN 0360-5442
Electronic ISSN 1873-6785
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 141
APA6 Citation Sher, F., Pans, M. A., Afilaka, D. T., Sun, C., & Liu, H. (2017). Experimental investigation of woody and non-woody biomass combustion in a bubbling fluidised bed combustor focusing on gaseous emissions and temperature profiles. Energy, 141, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2017.11.118
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2017.11.118
Keywords Bubbling fluidised bed combustor; Biomass fuels; Air staging; Nox emission; CO emission
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S036054421731976X
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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