Abubakar M Haruna
Synergistic effect in co-processing a residue from a transesterification process with vacuum gas oil in fluid catalytic cracking
Haruna, Abubakar M; Meredith, Will; Snape, Colin E.
Dr WILLIAM MEREDITH firstname.lastname@example.org
COLIN SNAPE COLIN.SNAPE@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Professor of Chemical Technology & Chemical Eng
The catalytic co-processing of bottom fuel oil (BFO) with refinery vacuum gas oil (VGO) using a commercial fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) zeolite equilibrium catalyst was carried out to ascertain its potential as a source for biofuels. The BFO used was the distillation residue from biodiesel transesterification process using waste fats and oil; being a mixture of saturated and unsaturated fatty acid methyl esters. The catalytic cracking experiments were performed in a laboratory fixed bed micro activity test (MAT) reactor at 516 °C and atmospheric pressure. As well as the VGO and BFO, three different blends were used with BFO to VGO mass ratios of 10:90, 20:80 and 50:50, and catalyst-to-oil (C/O) ratios of 3.0 – 5.7. The synergistic effect of BFO in VGO blends includes the yield of gasoline, and LPG being higher than predicted for the blends of 10 wt% BFO in VGO. Also, the formation of more CO2 with the increase in BFO blend level suggests CO2 production through decarboxylation reactions as a possible route. The compositions of the produced gasoline for pure VGO and 10 wt% BFO are similar as well. The cracking of 10 wt% BFO gives a higher fraction of aromatics, alkenes and naphthenes than other blends. However, some deterioration was observed when higher substitution levels of BFO were used, resulting in a decrease in the gasoline yield and higher yields of LCO, HCO and coke as predicted. Overall, co-processing BFO with VGO may be economically attractive because the BFO is obtained from waste oils and fats which are one of the under-exploited sources of biodiesel feedstocks and add value to waste management.
Haruna, A. M., Meredith, W., & Snape, C. E. (2022). Synergistic effect in co-processing a residue from a transesterification process with vacuum gas oil in fluid catalytic cracking. Fuel, 327, Article 124973. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2022.124973
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Jun 19, 2022|
|Online Publication Date||Jul 2, 2022|
|Publication Date||Nov 1, 2022|
|Deposit Date||Aug 25, 2022|
|Publicly Available Date||Aug 25, 2022|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Organic Chemistry; Energy Engineering and Power Technology; Fuel Technology; General Chemical Engineering|