Protocol for a prospective observational study of adverse drug reactions of antiepileptic drugs in children in the UK
Egunsola, Oluwaseun; Sammons, Helen M.; Ojha, Shalini; Whitehouse, William P.; Anderson, Mark; Hawcutt, Dan; Choonara, Imti
Helen M. Sammons email@example.com
William P. Whitehouse William.Whitehouse@nottingham.ac.uk
Imti Choonara firstname.lastname@example.org
Background Epilepsy is a common chronic disease of children that can be treated with anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs). AEDs, however, have significant side effects. Newer AEDs are thought to have fewer side effects. There have, however, been few comparative studies of AED toxicity. The aim is to compare the safety profile of the most frequently used AEDs by performing a multicentre prospective cohort study. This protocol describes the planned study.
Design A multicentre prospective cohort study of children on AED treatment in hospitals across the UK. Ethical approval will be obtained.
Sample size Three thousand children on treatment for epilepsy will be recruited from paediatric clinics. It is expected that this sample size will have the potential to compare toxicity between the most frequently used AEDs.
Duration of study 24 months.
Outcome measure Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) to AEDs. These will be identified by the use of a validated questionnaire, the Paediatric Epilepsy Side Effect Questionnaire. They will be evaluated using the Naranjo algorithm. Preventability will be assessed using the Schumock and Thornton scale.
Discussion Toxicity of individual AEDs when given as monotherapy and polytherapy will be determined. Additionally, discontinuation rates due to ADRs will be determined. The data will assist clinicians in choosing AEDs with the least toxicity.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Aug 4, 2017|
|Journal||BMJ Paediatrics Open|
|Publisher||BMJ Publishing Group|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Egunsola, O., Sammons, H. M., Ojha, S., Whitehouse, W. P., Anderson, M., Hawcutt, D., & Choonara, I. (2017). Protocol for a prospective observational study of adverse drug reactions of antiepileptic drugs in children in the UK. BMJ Paediatrics Open, 1(1), https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjpo-2017-000116|
|Copyright Statement||Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0|
Egunsoloa (Seun) protocol for AED AEs BMJ Open 2017.pdf
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
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