Copy number variation of human AMY1 is a minor contributor to variation in salivary amylase expression and activity
Carpenter, Danielle; Mitchell, Laura; Armour, John A.L.
John A.L. Armour
Salivary amylase in humans is encoded by the copy variable gene AMY1 in the amylase gene cluster on chromosome 1. Although the role of salivary amylase is well established, the consequences of the copy number variation (CNV) at AMY1 on salivary amylase protein production are less well understood. The amylase gene cluster is highly structured with a fundamental difference between odd and even AMY1 copy number haplotypes. In this study, we aimed to explore, in samples from 119 unrelated individuals, not only the effects of AMY1 CNV on salivary amylase protein expression and amylase enzyme activity but also whether there is any evidence for underlying difference between the common haplotypes containing odd numbers of AMY1 and even copy number haplotypes.
AMY1 copy number was significantly correlated with the variation observed in salivary amylase production (11.7% of variance, P
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Feb 20, 2017|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Carpenter, D., Mitchell, L., & Armour, J. A. (2017). Copy number variation of human AMY1 is a minor contributor to variation in salivary amylase expression and activity. Human Genomics, 11, https://doi.org/10.1186/s40246-017-0097-3|
|Keywords||Genome instability, Amylase, CNV, Gene expression|
|Copyright Statement||Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0|
Copy number art%3A10.1186%2Fs40246-017-0097-3.pdf
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
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