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Dioxygenase-encoding AtDAO1 gene controls IAA oxidation and homeostasis in arabidopsis

Porco, Silvana; P?n?�k, Ale�; Rashed, Afaf; Vo�, Ute; Casanova-S�ez, Rub�n; Bishopp, Antony; Golebiowska, Agata; Bhosale, Rahul; Swarup, Ranjan; Swarup, Kamal; Pe?�kov�, Pavl�na; Novak, Ondrej; Staswick, Paul; Hedden, Peter; Phillips, Andrew L.; Vissenberg, Chris; Bennett, Malcolm J.; Ljung, Karin

Dioxygenase-encoding AtDAO1 gene controls IAA oxidation and homeostasis in arabidopsis Thumbnail


Silvana Porco

Ale� P?n?�k

Afaf Rashed

Assistant Professor

Rub�n Casanova-S�ez

Agata Golebiowska

Kamal Swarup

Pavl�na Pe?�kov�

Ondrej Novak

Paul Staswick

Peter Hedden

Andrew L. Phillips

Chris Vissenberg

Karin Ljung


Auxin represents a key signal in plants, regulating almost every aspect of their growth and development. Major breakthroughs have been made dissecting the molecular basis of auxin transport, perception, and response. In contrast, how plants control the metabolism and homeostasis of the major form of auxin in plants, indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), remains unclear. In this paper, we initially describe the function of the Arabidopsis thaliana gene DIOXYGENASE FOR AUXIN OXIDATION 1 (AtDAO1). Transcriptional and translational reporter lines revealed that AtDAO1 encodes a highly root-expressed, cytoplasmically localized IAA oxidase. Stable isotope-labeled IAA feeding studies of loss and gain of function AtDAO1 lines showed that this oxidase represents the major regulator of auxin degradation to 2-oxoindole-3-acetic acid (oxIAA) in Arabidopsis. Surprisingly, AtDAO1 loss and gain of function lines exhibited relatively subtle auxin-related phenotypes, such as altered root hair length. Metabolite profiling of mutant lines revealed that disrupting AtDAO1 regulation resulted in major changes in steady-state levels of oxIAA and IAA conjugates but not IAA. Hence, IAA conjugation and catabolism seem to regulate auxin levels in Arabidopsis in a highly redundant manner. We observed that transcripts of AtDOA1 IAA oxidase and GH3 IAA-conjugating enzymes are auxin-inducible, providing a molecular basis for their observed functional redundancy. We conclude that the AtDAO1 gene plays a key role regulating auxin homeostasis in Arabidopsis, acting in concert with GH3 genes, to maintain auxin concentration at optimal levels for plant growth and development.


Porco, S., Pěnčík, A., Rashed, A., Voß, U., Casanova-Sáez, R., Bishopp, A., …Ljung, K. (2016). Dioxygenase-encoding AtDAO1 gene controls IAA oxidation and homeostasis in arabidopsis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(39), 11016-11021.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 29, 2016
Online Publication Date Sep 20, 2016
Publication Date Sep 20, 2016
Deposit Date Oct 11, 2016
Publicly Available Date Oct 11, 2016
Journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Print ISSN 0027-8424
Electronic ISSN 1091-6490
Publisher National Academy of Sciences
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 113
Issue 39
Pages 11016-11021
Keywords Arabidopsis thaliana, IAA degradation, oxidase, dioxygenase, root hair elongation
Public URL
Publisher URL
Contract Date Oct 11, 2016


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