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An assessment of static precise point positioning using GPS only, GLONASS only, and GPS plus GLONASS

Mohammed, Jareer; Moore, Terry; Hill, Chris; Bingley, R.M.; Hansen, D.N.


Jareer Mohammed

Terry Moore

Chris Hill

D.N. Hansen


The aim of this paper is to look into the achievable repeatability and accuracy from Precise Point Positioning (PPP) daily solutions when using GPS only (PPP GPS), GLONASS only (PPP GLO), and GPS plus GLONASS (PPP GPS+GLO) for static positioning. As part of the assessment, a comparison with global double difference (DD) GPS daily solutions is presented. It is shown, therefore, that all of the PPP daily solutions can achieve millimetric level repeatability, similar to the global DD GPS solutions. Furthermore, the mean of the biases between the PPP daily solutions and the global DD GPS daily solutions are constellation type dependent, while an improvement is found in the vertical component for PPP GPS+GLO over PPP GLO, as the latter may be more affected by any imperfections in the models for GLONASS antenna phase centre variations. It is concluded that PPP GLO daily solutions have the ability to be used as independent solutions to PPP GPS daily solutions for static positioning, and as an alternative to PPP GPS+GLO or global DD GPS daily solutions.


Mohammed, J., Moore, T., Hill, C., Bingley, R., & Hansen, D. (2016). An assessment of static precise point positioning using GPS only, GLONASS only, and GPS plus GLONASS. Measurement, 88, 121-130.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 23, 2016
Online Publication Date Mar 31, 2016
Publication Date 2016-06
Deposit Date May 5, 2016
Publicly Available Date May 5, 2016
Journal Measurement
Print ISSN 1536-6367
Electronic ISSN 0263-2241
Publisher Routledge
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 88
Pages 121-130
Keywords Instrumentation; Electrical and Electronic Engineering; Applied Mathematics; Condensed Matter Physics
Public URL
Publisher URL


Measurement Accepted Version 88 2016.pdf (1.4 Mb)

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