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Emoji Identification and Emoji Effects on Sentence Emotionality in ASD-Diagnosed Adults and Neurotypical Controls

Hand, Christopher J.; Kennedy, Ashley; Filik, Ruth; Pitchford, Melanie; Robus, Christopher M.

Emoji Identification and Emoji Effects on Sentence Emotionality in ASD-Diagnosed Adults and Neurotypical Controls Thumbnail


Authors

Christopher J. Hand

Ashley Kennedy

RUTH FILIK ruth.filik@nottingham.ac.uk
Associate Professor

Melanie Pitchford

Christopher M. Robus



Abstract

We investigated ASD-diagnosed adults’ and neurotypical (NT) controls’ processing of emoji and emoji influence on the emotionality of otherwise-neutral sentences. Study 1 participants categorised emoji representing the six basic emotions using a fixed-set of emotional adjectives. Results showed that ASD-diagnosed participants’ classifications of fearful, sad, and surprised emoji were more diverse and less ‘typical’ than NT controls’ responses. Study 2 participants read emotionally-neutral sentences; half paired with sentence-final happy emoji, half with sad emoji. Participants rated sentence + emoji stimuli for emotional valence. ASD-diagnosed and NT participants rated sentences + happy emoji as equally-positive, however, ASD-diagnosed participants rated sentences + sad emoji as more-negative than NT participants. We must acknowledge differential perceptions and effects of emoji, and emoji-text inter-relationships, when working with neurodiverse stakeholders.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 24, 2022
Online Publication Date Apr 12, 2022
Publication Date 2023-06
Deposit Date Mar 25, 2022
Publicly Available Date Apr 12, 2023
Journal Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Print ISSN 0162-3257
Electronic ISSN 1573-3432
Publisher Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 53
Pages 2514–2528
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-022-05557-4
Keywords Developmental and Educational Psychology
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/7650749
Publisher URL https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10803-022-05557-4

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