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Anarchy in the UK('s most famous fortress): comradeship and cupidity in Gibraltar and neighbouring Spain, 1890-1902

Grocott, Chris A.; Stockey, Gareth; Grady, Jo

Authors

Chris A. Grocott cg190@leicester.ac.uk

Gareth Stockey gareth.stockey@nottingham.ac.uk

Jo Grady jkg10@leicester.ac.uk

Abstract

This article is the first to investigate the growth of anarchist ideology and tactics in Gibraltar and the surrounding Spanish region, the Campo de Gibraltar, in the period 1890-1902. We draw upon hitherto unused material from both The National Archives in London and the Gibraltar Government Archives. By doing so, we demonstrate that during this period Gibraltarian and Spanish workers came together, not only to defend and advance their interests by direct action, such as strikes and attacks on employers, but also to advance educational and social causes too. Indeed, by 1898-9 the appeal of this movement was so strong that an attempt by the British Social Democratic Federation to establish a more constitutionalist approach to industrial relations failed. By 1902, the power of anarchist movements and tactics concerned employers in Gibraltar so greatly that they engineered a lock-out – styled a general strike by local workers – and successfully smashed the organising power of the local movement. Meanwhile, on the Spanish side of the frontier a massacre engineered by the local Spanish authorities resulted in the deaths of a number of activists and a hiatus in the movement that would last until the Great War of 1914-18.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal Labor History
Print ISSN 0023-656X
Electronic ISSN 0023-656X
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 56
Issue 4
Institution Citation Grocott, C. A., Stockey, G., & Grady, J. (in press). Anarchy in the UK('s most famous fortress): comradeship and cupidity in Gibraltar and neighbouring Spain, 1890-1902. Labor History, 56(4), doi:10.1080/0023656X.2016.1086542
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/0023656X.2016.1086542
Keywords Anarchism, Spain, Gibraltar, general strike, Social Democratic Federation
Publisher URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0023656X.2016.1086542
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information The Version of Record of this manuscript has been published and is available in Labor History c2015 http://www.tandfonline....0/0023656X.2016.1086542

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf




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