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Hyperacusis Questionnaire as a Tool for Measuring Hypersensitivity to Sound in a Tinnitus Research Population

Fackrell, Kathryn; Fearnley, Constance; Hoare, Derek J.; Sereda, Magdalena

Authors

Constance Fearnley

DEREK HOARE derek.hoare@nottingham.ac.uk
Associate Professor in Hearing Sciences



Abstract

Hypersensitivity to external sounds is often comorbid with tinnitus and may be significant for adherence to certain types of tinnitus management. Therefore, a clear measure of sensitivity to sound is important. The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Hyperacusis Questionnaire (HQ) for use as a measurement tool using data from a sample of 264 adults who took part in tinnitus research. We evaluated the HQ factor structure, internal consistency, convergent and discriminant validity, and floor and ceiling effects. Internal consistency was high (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.88) and moderate correlations were observed between the HQ, uncomfortable loudness levels, and other health questionnaires. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the original HQ three-factor solution and a one-factor solution were both a poor fit to the data. Four problematic items were removed and exploratory factor analysis identified a two-factor (attentional and social) solution. The original three-factor structure of the HQ was not confirmed. All fourteen items do not accurately assess hypersensitivity to sound in a tinnitus population. We propose a 10-item (2-factor) version of the HQ, which will need to be confirmed using a new tinnitus and perhaps nontinnitus population.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Oct 18, 2015
Journal BioMed Research International
Print ISSN 2314-6133
Electronic ISSN 2314-6141
Publisher Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2015
Pages 1-12
APA6 Citation Fackrell, K., Fearnley, C., Hoare, D. J., & Sereda, M. (2015). Hyperacusis Questionnaire as a Tool for Measuring Hypersensitivity to Sound in a Tinnitus Research Population. BioMed Research International, 2015, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/290425
DOI https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/290425
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/290425
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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