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Mechanism of altruism (MOA) approach to blood donor recruitment and retention: a review and future directions

Ferguson, Eamonn

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Abstract

Background and Objectives. Why do people donate blood? Altruism is the common answer. However, altruism is a complex construct and to answer this question requires a systematic analysis of the insights from the biology, economics and psychology of altruism. I term this the Mechanism of Altruism (MOA) approach and apply it here to understanding blood donor motivation.. The answer also has enormous implications for the type of interventions we choose to adopt as a society.
Methods. A review of the literature on altruism and blood donation.
Results. A MOA approach so far shows that blood donors are a mixture of (1) warm-glow givers (donation is emotionally rewarding) and (2) reluctant altruists (cooperate rather than defect when free-riding is high). Donors also show ‘saintly sinning’ with the extra ‘moral currency’ form blood donation allowing them to be less generous in other contexts. The MOA suggests why financial incentives, in terms of gifts/lottery tickets, are effective and suggests a number of novel interventions for donor recruitment: ‘voluntary reciprocal altruism’ and ‘charitable incentivization’. It highlights the need for an intervention for both recipients to show their gratitude and society to celebrate blood donors and suggests a ‘Monument to Blood Donors’ will achieve this. The approach suggests a number of novel research questions into (1) donor self-selection effects, (2) conditional cooperation and (3) construct overlap with Theory of Planned Behaviour (e.g., affective attitudes and warm-glow).
Conclusions. The MOA offers a powerful way to understand blood donor motivations around altruism and develop theoretically driven interventions.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Aug 27, 2015
Journal Transfusion Medicine
Print ISSN 0958-7578
Electronic ISSN 1365-3148
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 25
Issue 4
APA6 Citation Ferguson, E. (2015). Mechanism of altruism (MOA) approach to blood donor recruitment and retention: a review and future directions. Transfusion Medicine, 25(4), doi:10.1111/tme.12233
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/tme.12233
Keywords Altruism, Blood donation, Reluctant altruism, Warm-Glow conditional cooperation
Publisher URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/tme.12233/abstract
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: E. Ferguson. Mechanism of altruism approach to blood donor recruitment and retention: a review and future directions. Transfusion medicine, vol. 25, issue 4, August 2015, doi: 10.1111/tme.12233, which has been published in final form at http://http://onlinelib...10.1111/tme.12233/full. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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