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High-pressure rheological analysis of CO2-induced melting point depression and viscosity reduction of poly(ε-caprolactone)

Curia, Silvio; De Focatiis, Davide S.A.; Howdle, Steven M.

Authors

Silvio Curia pcxsc4@nottingham.ac.uk



Abstract

High-pressure rheology has been used to assess the effects of supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) on the melting point (Tm) and viscosity of poly (ε-caprolactone) (PCL) over a range of temperatures and pressures up to 300 bar over a wide range of shear rates. Plots of the storage and loss moduli against temperature show a significant shift of Tm to lower temperatures in the presence of CO2, indicating that the polymer crystals melt at temperatures much lower than the ambient pressure Tm. Furthermore, a significant decrease in the viscosity of two PCL grades with different molecular weight (Mn ~ 10 kDa and 80 kDa) was also detected upon increasing the CO2 pressure to 300 bar. Experimental viscosity data were fitted to the Carreau model to quantify the extent of the plasticising effects on the zero-shear viscosity and relaxation time under different conditions. Similar analyses were conducted under high-pressure nitrogen, to compare the effects obtained in the presence of a non-plasticising gas.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jul 9, 2015
Journal Polymer
Print ISSN 0032-3861
Electronic ISSN 0032-3861
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 69
APA6 Citation Curia, S., De Focatiis, D. S., & Howdle, S. M. (2015). High-pressure rheological analysis of CO2-induced melting point depression and viscosity reduction of poly(ε-caprolactone). Polymer, 69, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2015.05.026
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2015.05.026
Keywords Poly(ε-caprolactone), Supercritical CO2, Rheology
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0032386115004681?via%3Dihub
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0





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