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Seroprevalence of Schmallenberg virus in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland: 2011-2013

Tarlinton, Rachael; King, Barnabas; O'Shea Brown, Thomas; Daly, Janet M.

Authors

Barnabas King

Thomas O'Shea Brown

JANET DALY janet.daly@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Viral Zoonoses



Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier B.V. Since its identification in late 2011, Schmallenberg virus (SBV) spread rapidly across Europe. Using archived samples from domestic ruminants collected between October 2011 and June 2013, the seroprevalence in the United Kingdom (UK) and Republic of Ireland (IE) was estimated using a serum neutralisation test. There was no significant difference (P> 0.05) in seroprevalence between sheep and cows suggesting that neither species is significantly more at risk of SBV infection in the UK. A single 2011 sample tested positive; the sample was taken in November from a cow in Wiltshire. There was a steady increase in overall seroprevalence during the first three quarters of 2012, which then more than doubled in quarter 4 (October-December), which may reflect a peak of vector activity. By the end of June 2013, overall seroprevalence was around 72%. However, although seroprevalence was over 50% in Wales and southern and central counties of England, it was below 50% in all other areas of the UK and IE. This suggests that there were still substantial numbers of animals at risk of infection in the latter half of 2013.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Oct 22, 2015
Journal Veterinary Microbiology
Print ISSN 0378-1135
Electronic ISSN 1873-2542
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Not Peer Reviewed
Volume 180
Issue 1-2
Pages 36-40
APA6 Citation Tarlinton, R., O’Shea Brown, T., King, B., O'Shea Brown, T., Tarlinton, R., & Daly, J. M. (2015). Seroprevalence of Schmallenberg virus in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland: 2011-2013. Veterinary Microbiology, 180(1-2), 36-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2015.07.025
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2015.07.025
Keywords Schmallenberg virus, SBV, seroprevalence, arbovirus
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378113515002874
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Seroprevalence of Schmallenberg virus in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland: 2011–2013; Journal Title: Veterinary Microbiology; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2015.07.025; Content Type: article; Copyright: Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0





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