The relation between cigarette price and hand-rolling tobacco consumption in the UK: an ecological study
Rothwell, Lucas; Britton, John; Bogdanovica, Ilze
Dr ILZE BOGDANOVICA Ilze.Bogdanovica@nottingham.ac.uk
Principal Research Fellow
OBJECTIVES: Cigarette price increases reduce smoking prevalence but as a tobacco control policy are undermined by the availability of lower cost alternatives such as hand-rolling tobacco. The aim of this descriptive study is to explore time trends in the price of manufactured cigarettes and hand-rolling tobacco, and in the numbers of people who smoke these products, over recent years in the UK.
SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: UK.
OUTCOME MEASURES: Trends in the most popular price category (MPPC) data for cigarettes and hand-rolling tobacco from 1983 to 2012 adjusted for inflation using the Retail Price Index, and trends in smoking prevalence and the proportion of smokers using hand-rolling tobacco from 1974 to 2010.
RESULTS: After adjustment for inflation, there was an increase in prices of manufactured cigarettes and hand-rolling tobacco between 1983 and 2012. Between 1974 and 2010, the prevalence of smoking fell from 45% to 20%, and the estimated total number of smokers from 25.3 to 12.4 million. However the number of people smoking hand-rolling tobacco increased from 1.4 to 3.2 million, and MPPC cigarette price was strongly correlated with number of people smoking hand-rolling tobacco.
CONCLUSIONS: Although the ecological study design precludes conclusions on causality, the association between increases in manufactured cigarette price and the number of people smoking hand-rolling tobacco suggests that the lower cost of smoking hand-rolling tobacco encourages downtrading when cigarette prices rise. The magnitude of this association indicates that the lower cost of hand-rolling tobacco seriously undermines the use of price as a tobacco control measure.
Rothwell, L., Britton, J., & Bogdanovica, I. (2015). The relation between cigarette price and hand-rolling tobacco consumption in the UK: an ecological study. BMJ Open, 5(6), doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-007697
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Jun 15, 2015|
|Deposit Date||Mar 4, 2016|
|Publicly Available Date||Mar 4, 2016|
|Publisher||BMJ Publishing Group|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||cigarette prices, hand rolling tobacco prices, smoking prevalence|
|Copyright Statement||Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0|
Rothwell 2015 BMJ Open.pdf
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
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