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Regional differences of testicular artery blood flow in post pubertal and pre-pubertal dogs

de Souza, Mírley B.; Barbosa, Claudia C.; England, Gary C.W.; Mota Filho, Antonio C.; Sousa, Carmen Vládia S.; de Carvalho, Gabriela G.; Silva, Herlon Victor R.; Pinto, José N.; Linhares, Jussiara C.S.; Silva, Lúcia D.M.

Authors

Mírley B. de Souza

Claudia C. Barbosa

Gary C.W. England

Antonio C. Mota Filho

Carmen Vládia S. Sousa

Gabriela G. de Carvalho

Herlon Victor R. Silva

José N. Pinto

Jussiara C.S. Linhares

Lúcia D.M. Silva



Abstract

Background

Measurement of testicular artery blood flow is used in several species to evaluate reproductive function and testicular and scrotal pathology. In dogs there are inconsistent reports about normal flow in post-pubertal dogs and no information concerning pre-pubertal dogs. The aim of this study was to describe regional differences in testicular artery blood flow in clinically normal post-pubertal and pre-pubertal dogs with no history of reproductive tract disease.

Results

The post-pubertal dogs produced normal ejaculates throughout the study. In all dogs the three different regions of the artery were imaged and monophasic flow with an obvious systolic peak and flow throughout diastole was observed on every occasion. The highest peak systolic velocity (PSV) and end diastolic velocity (EDV) were measured within the distal supra-testicular artery and marginal artery whilst the lowest PSV and EDV were measured within the intra-testicular arteries. Flow measurements were not different between left and right testes and were consistent between dogs on different examination days. Calculated resistance index (RI) and pulsatility index (PI) were lowest in the intra-testicular arteries.
The pre-pubertal dogs had significantly smaller testes than the post-pubertal dogs (p 

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Mar 4, 2015
Journal BMC Veterinary Research
Electronic ISSN 1746-6148
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Issue 1
Article Number 47
APA6 Citation de Souza, M. B., Barbosa, C. C., England, G. C., Mota Filho, A. C., Sousa, C. V. S., de Carvalho, G. G., …Silva, L. D. (2015). Regional differences of testicular artery blood flow in post pubertal and pre-pubertal dogs. BMC Veterinary Research, 11(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-015-0363-3
DOI https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-015-0363-3
Keywords Dogs, Doppler, Ultrasonography, Testis
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-015-0363-3
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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