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Temporal studies into attachment, VE-cadherin perturbation, and paracellular migration of human umbilical mesenchymal stem cells across umbilical vein endothelial monolayers

Ebrahim, Neven A.; Leach, Lopa

Authors

Neven A. Ebrahim

LOPA LEACH LOPA.LEACH@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Associate Professor



Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells from Wharton’s jelly of human umbilical cords (WJ-MSC) are a valuable alternate source of stem cells. Their role in situ and whether they can interact and cross intact endothelial monolayers requires elucidation. The aim of this study was to investigate the dynamic interactions between WJ-MSC and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), including attachment, transit times, extravasation pathway, and the effects of WJ-MSC on junctional vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin. HUVEC were grown to near confluence in endothelial media and to full confluence in mixed media before the addition of PKH26-labelled WJ-MSC. Time lapse fluorescence microscopy showed stem cells undergoing membrane blebbing followed by amoeboid movement on HUVEC monolayers before rounding up and changing shape toward the spindleshaped morphology during/after transmigration to subendothelial positions. Cells demonstrated a time lag of 60 min before paracellular extravasation, confirmed by confocal microscopy. Forty-six percent of attached cells crossed in the first 2 h. By 16 h, a majority of cells had transmigrated with > 96% of cells crossing by 22 h. There were concomitant changes in endothelial junctional VE-cadherin with statistically significant increases in discontinuous staining at 2 h, return to control values at 16 h, even as from 22 h onward HUVEC displayed increased percentage of junctions with continuous staining and upregulation of protein. Our data suggests that WJ-MSC crosses the endothelial barrier through the paracellular pathway and can influence junctional organization of HUVEC with discreet perturbation of VE-cadherin preceding transmigration followed by upregulation once the adluminal side is reached. The latter may reflect a perivascular support function of WJ-MSC in the umbilical cord.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Feb 4, 2015
Journal Stem Cells and Development
Print ISSN 1547-3287
Electronic ISSN 1547-3287
Publisher Mary Ann Liebert
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 24
Issue 4
APA6 Citation Ebrahim, N. A., & Leach, L. (2015). Temporal studies into attachment, VE-cadherin perturbation, and paracellular migration of human umbilical mesenchymal stem cells across umbilical vein endothelial monolayers. Stem Cells and Development, 24(4), https://doi.org/10.1089/scd.2014.0207
DOI https://doi.org/10.1089/scd.2014.0207
Publisher URL http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/scd.2014.0207
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd-sa/4.0
Additional Information Final publication is available from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/scd.2014.0207

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd-sa/4.0





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