Aggregator: A machine learning approach to identifying MEDLINE articles that derive from the same underlying clinical trial
Shao, Weixiang; Adams, Clive E.; Cohen, Aaron M.; Davis, John M.; McDonagh, Marian S.; Thakurta, Sujata; Yu, Philip S.; Smalheiser, Neil R.
Clive E. Adams
Aaron M. Cohen
John M. Davis
Marian S. McDonagh
Philip S. Yu
Neil R. Smalheiser
It is important to identify separate publications that report outcomes from the same underlying clinical trial, in order to avoid over-counting these as independent pieces of evidence.
We created positive and negative training sets (comprised of pairs of articles reporting on the same condition and intervention) that were, or were not, linked to the same clinicaltrials.gov trial registry number. Features were extracted from MEDLINE and PubMed metadata; pairwise similarity scores were modeled using logistic regression.
Article pairs from the same trial were identified with high accuracy (F1 score = 0.843). We also created a clustering tool, Aggregator, that takes as input a PubMed user query for RCTs on a given topic, and returns article clusters predicted to arise from the same clinical trial.
Although painstaking examination of full-text may be needed to be conclusive, metadata are surprisingly accurate in predicting when two articles derive from the same underlying clinical trial.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Shao, W., Adams, C. E., Cohen, A. M., Davis, J. M., McDonagh, M. S., Thakurta, S., …Smalheiser, N. R. (2015). Aggregator: A machine learning approach to identifying MEDLINE articles that derive from the same underlying clinical trial. Methods, 74, 65-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymeth.2014.11.006|
|Keywords||Evidence-based medicine; Clinical trials; Systematic reviews; Bias; Information retrieval; Informatics|
|Copyright Statement||Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf|
|Additional Information||This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Aggregator: A machine learning approach to identifying MEDLINE articles that derive from the same underlying clinical trial; Journal Title: Methods; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymeth.2014.11.006; Content Type: article; Copyright: Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.|
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