Impact of infection control interventions on rates of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia in National Health Service acute hospitals, East Midlands, UK, using interrupted time-series analysis
Newitt, S.; Myles, Puja R.; Birkin, J.A.; Maskell, V.; Slack, R.C.B.; Nguyen-Van-Tam, Jonathan; Szatkowski, Lisa
Puja R. Myles
JONATHAN NGUYEN-VAN-TAM JONATHAN.VAN-TAM@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Professor of Health Protection
LISA SZATKOWSKI LISA.SZATKOWSKI@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Background: Reducing healthcare-associated infection (HCAI) is a UK national priority. Multiple national and regional interventions aimed at reduction have been implemented in National Health Service acute hospitals, but assessment of their effectiveness is methodologically challenging.
Aim: To assess the effectiveness of national and regional interventions undertaken between 2004 and 2008 on rates of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and meticillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bacteraemia within acute hospitals in the East Midlands, using interrupted time-series analysis.
Methods: We used segmented regression to compare rates of MRSA and MSSA bacteraemia in the pre-intervention, implementation, and post-intervention phases for combined intervention packages in eight acute hospitals.
Findings: Most of the change in MSSA and MRSA rates occurred during the implementation phase. During this phase, there were significant downward trends in MRSA rates for seven of eight acute hospital groups; in four, this was a steeper quarter-on-quarter decline compared with the pre-intervention phase, and, in one, an upward trend in the pre-intervention phase was reversed. Regarding MSSA, there was a significant positive effect in four hospital groups: one upward trend during the pre-intervention phase was reversed, two upward trends plateaued, and in one hospital group an indeterminate trend decreased significantly. However, there were significant increasing trends in quarterly MSSA rates in four hospital groups during the implementation or post-intervention periods. Conclusion The impact of interventions varied by hospital group but the overall results suggest that national and regional campaigns had a beneficial impact on MRSA and MSSA bacteraemia within the East Midlands.
Newitt, S., Myles, P. R., Birkin, J., Maskell, V., Slack, R., Nguyen-Van-Tam, J., & Szatkowski, L. (in press). Impact of infection control interventions on rates of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia in National Health Service acute hospitals, East Midlands, UK, using interrupted time-series analysis. Journal of Hospital Infection, 90(1), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2014.12.016
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Dec 24, 2014|
|Online Publication Date||Jan 15, 2015|
|Deposit Date||Jul 7, 2016|
|Publicly Available Date||Jul 7, 2016|
|Journal||Journal of Hospital Infection|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Healthcare-associated infection, MRSA, MSSA, Time-series analysis|
|Copyright Statement||Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0|
S Newitt - Impact of Infection Control Interventions OA.pdf
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0