Claire J. Standley
The population genetic structure of Biomphalaria choanomphala in Lake Victoria, East Africa: implications for schistosomiasis transmission
Standley, Claire J.; Goodacre, Sara L.; Wade, Christopher M.; Stothard, J. Russell
SARA GOODACRE firstname.lastname@example.org
Professor of Evolutionary Biology and Genetics
CHRIS WADE email@example.com
J. Russell Stothard
Background: The freshwater snail Biomphalaria acts as the intermediate host of Schistosoma mansoni, a globally important human parasite. Understanding the population structure of intermediate host species can elucidate transmission dynamics and assist in developing appropriate control methods.
Methods: We examined levels of population genetic structure and diversity in 29 populations of Biomphalaria choanomphala collected around the shoreline of Lake Victoria in Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania, where S. mansoni is hyper-endemic. Molecular markers were utilized to estimate the degree to which snail populations are genetically differentiated from one another.
Results: High levels of snail genetic diversity were found coupled with evidence of geographically-determined population structure but low levels of local inbreeding. The data are consistent with an effect of schistosome infection on population structure of intermediate host snails, but other factors, such as habitat and historical demographic changes, could also be important determinants of the degree of population genetic structure in Biomphalaria choanomphala.
Conclusions: The low stratification of populations and high genetic diversity indicates potentially less local compatibility with intermediate snail populations than previously theorized, and highlights the importance of coordinated parasite control strategies across the region.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Journal||Parasites & Vectors|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Standley, C. J., Goodacre, S. L., Wade, C. M., & Stothard, J. R. (2014). The population genetic structure of Biomphalaria choanomphala in Lake Victoria, East Africa: implications for schistosomiasis transmission. Parasites and Vectors, 7(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-014-0524-4|
|Keywords||Biomphalaria choanomphala ; Schistosoma mansoni ; Population structure ; Population genetics|
|Copyright Statement||Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0|
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
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