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A case of feline gastrointestinal eosinophilic sclerosing fibroplasia associated with phycomycetes

Grau-Roma, Llorenc; Galindo-Cardiel, I.; Isidoro-Ayza, M.; Fernández, M.; Majó, N.

Authors

Llorenc Grau-Roma

I. Galindo-Cardiel

M. Isidoro-Ayza

M. Fernández

N. Majó



Abstract

Feline gastrointestinal eosinophilic sclerosing fibroplasia (FGESF) is a recently described inflammatory condition of domestic cats with unknown aetiology. A proportion of cases of FGESF are associated with bacteria, but antibiotic treatment is ineffective. It has been hypothesized that genetically predisposed cats may develop FGESF in response to the introduction of bacteria or other antigens into the intestinal wall. A 9- month-old male Persian cat presented with a history of marked acute haematemesis. A mass (10 cm diameter) was detected within the pylorus and proximal duodenum and this was not surgically accessible. On necropsy examination the duodenal wall was seen to be markedly thickened with extensive mucosal ulceration. Microscopically, there were haphazardly oriented trabecular bands of dense eosinophilic collagen,separated by wide, clear areas containing variable numbers of fibroblasts, eosinophils, mast cells, neutrophils,macrophages, lymphocytes and plasma cells. Numerous pleomorphic, non-parallel walled, sparsely septate hyphae, characteristic of phycomycetes, were present within the collagen matrix. Colonies of gram-positive and gram-negative rods were also present within the lesion. This is the first description of FGESF with intralesional fungi.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Nov 30, 2014
Journal Journal of Comparative Pathology
Print ISSN 0021-9975
Electronic ISSN 1532-3129
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 151
Issue 4
APA6 Citation Grau-Roma, L., Galindo-Cardiel, I., Isidoro-Ayza, M., Fernández, M., & Majó, N. (2014). A case of feline gastrointestinal eosinophilic sclerosing fibroplasia associated with phycomycetes. Journal of Comparative Pathology, 151(4), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcpa.2014.08.005
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcpa.2014.08.005
Keywords Cat; Feline gastrointestinal eosinophilic sclerosing fibroplasia; Phycomycetes
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcpa.2014.08.005
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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